The Beitha Kukju or Buthakukye alphabet was created between 1825 and
1845 by Naum Veqilharxhi (1797-1854) a lawyer and scholar from Vithkuq,
a village in the Korçë region in southern Albania. The name
of the alphabet is a corruption of the name Vithkuq. This alphabet was
part of Veqilharxhi's promotion of the Albanian National Awakening movement,
and he saw it as a way to avoid the religious associations and divisions
of the Latin, Greek and Arabic alphabets.
Details of this alphabet first appeared in Evëtori Shqip Fort i Shkurtër
(The most Useful and Concise Albanian Alphabet), a primer published by
Veqilharxhi in 1844-5. This was distributed in the Korçë
region, later in Berat, and proved popular. Veqilharxhi also produced
a number of other books in his alphabet, but few survive.