Gothic alphabet   Gothic alphabet (gutiska)

Gothic was originally written with a runic alphabet about which little is known. One theory of the origins of Runes is that they were invented by the Goths, but this is impossible to prove as very few inscriptions of writing in Gothic runes survive.

The Gothic alphabet was invented around middle the 4th century AD by Bishop Wulfila (311-383 AD), the religious leader of the Visigoths, to provide his people with a written language and a means of reading his translation of the Bible. It is based on the Greek alphabet, with some extra letters from the Latin and Runic alphabets.

Used to write:

Gothic, an extinct East Germanic language that was spoken in parts of the Crimea until the 17th century.

The Goths were divided into two main tribes: the Ostrogothi or Greutungi (dune-dwellers) and the Visigothi or Tervingi (steppe-dwellers). Related tribes included the Burgundians and the Vandals.

Gothic alphabet

Gothic alphabet

There are no separate numerals, but each letter has a numeric value.

Downloads

Download a Gothic alphabet chart in Excel, Word or PDF format

Sample text in Gothic (The Lord's Prayer)

Sample Gothic text (Lord's Prayer

Transliteration
atta unsar þu in himinan weihnai namo þein
qimai þiudinassus þeins wairþai wilja þeins
swe in himina jah ana airþai
hlaif unsarana þana sinteinan gif uns himma daga
jah weis afletam þai skulam unsaraim
jah ni briggais uns in fraistubnjai
ak lausai uns of þamma ubilin
unte þeina ist þiudangardi
jah mahts jah wulþus in aiwins
amen

Hear a recording of this text

Source: www.christusrex.org/www1/pater/JPN-gothic.html

Sample text in Gothic

Sample text in Gothic (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Transliteration

Allái manna freihals jah samaleikō in waírþidái jah raihteis waúrþans. Fraþei jah miþwissei gibnans jah libandau swē broþrjus.

Translation by Roel AAA

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Gothic| Tower of Babel in Gothic | Gothic books

Links

Information about Gothic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_language
http://www.wulfila.be/gothic/gotica/
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/gotol-0-X.html
http://www.ancientscripts.com/gothic.html
http://lingunetics.net/gothic.html

An introductory overview of the Gothic language
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WkKrS5yOPFI

Online Gothic lessons
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/gotol-0-X.html
http://ling.everywitchway.net/germanic/east/gothic/gothic-for-goths

Online Gothic dictionary
http://www.freelang.net/online/gothic.php

Gothic Grammar
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/goth_wright_about.html
http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/texts/goth_wright_about.html

Project Wulfila - digital library of texts in Gothic and other Old Germanic languages
http://www.wulfila.be/

Free Gothic fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Gothic.html
http://simplythebest.net/fonts/fonts/gothic_1.html

Online Gothic news
http://airushimmadaga.wordpress.com

ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform: http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042/alphabet.html

Information about other East and Ancient Germanic languages

Germanic languages

Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, German, Gothic, Icelandic, Low German / Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, Norn, North Frisian, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Saterland Frisian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Swedish, Swiss German, West Frisian, Yiddish

Alphabets

Armenian, Avestan, Bassa (Vah), Beitha Kukju, Borama / Gadabuursi, Carian, Carpathian Basin Rovas, Chinuk pipa, Coorgi-Cox, Coptic, Cyrillic, Dalecarlian runes, Elbasan, Etruscan, Galik, Georgian (Asomtavruli), Georgian (Nuskhuri), Georgian (Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek, Irish (Uncial), Kaddare, Khazarian Rovas, Korean, Latin, Leptonic, Lycian, Lydian, Manchu, Meroïtic, Mongolian, N'Ko, Ogham, Old Church Slavonic, Oirat Clear Script, Old Italic, Old Permic, Orkhon, Phrygian, Pollard script, Runic, Santali, Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Somali (Osmanya), Sutton SignWriting, Tai Lue, Thaana, Todhri, Uyghur


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