Tunisian Arabic (Tounsi / Derja تونسي)

Tunisian Arabic is a variety of Maghrebi Arabic spoken in Tunisia by about 11.2 million people. It has similiarities to Algerian Arabic and Libyan Arabic, and is closely realated to Maltese. It differs significantly from Modern Standard Arabic, and while its vocabulary is mainly Arabic. it has a significant substratum of Berber words, and also loanwords from French, Turkish, Italian and Spanish.

Tunisian Arabic is spoken in Tunisian homes and businesses, and is used in television programmes, films and plays, however standard Arabic is the language of education, literature and news programmes and newspapers. There is very little literature in Tunisian Arabic, and it is mainly written with the Arabic script.

Tunisian alphabet and pronunciation

Tunisian alphabet and pronunciation

Elyssa Alphabet (Il-Ħrùf)

The Elyssa Alphabet was invented by Ramzi Hachani as a way to write Tunisian Arabic with the Latin alphabet. It is based on the Maltese alphabet with the addition of 3 letters with diacritics. It was first published in September 2015, and finalised in December of the same year.

Latin alphabet for Tunisian Arabic

More information about the Elyssa Alphabet

Sample texts

صاحب اللسانين معدود ب ثنين.


Ṡàħib il-lsènìn magħdùd b’cnìn


A man who speaks two languages counts as two men.

كثرت الكلام تطيح الحرمه و كثرت اذوق تنقص البرمه.


Kucrat il-klèm tŧayyaħ il-ħurme w kucrat iđ-đweeq tnaqqiṡ il-burme.


The abundance of language diminishes consideration, just as the frequency of tasting diminishes (the content of) the pot.

اول هبال الي يعطي بنت عمم ل الرجال؛
ثاني هبال اللي يطلا ل السوق بلاث مال؛
ثالث هبال الي يعاند الصيوده في روس الجبال؛
رابع هبال الي يعارك و مه عله كتاف رجال.


ewwel hbèl illi yagħŧi bint għammu l’ir-rjèl ;
cèni hbèl illi yaŧlaà l’is-sùq blèċ mèl ;
cèlic hbèl illi ygħànid iṡ-ṡyùde fi rùs ij-jbèl ;
ràbigħ hbèl illi ygħàrik w me għle ktèfu rjèl


First madness: to let strangers marry his first cousin.
Second madness: going to the market without having any money on you.
Third madness: attack the lions on the tops of the mountains.
Fourth madness: start a fight without having support.

Source: http://tuni1259.org/sample-texts/

الناس الكل ملدين حرين و متساوين في الكرامه و الحقوق. تعطاو عقل و ظمير و لازم يعامل بعظهم كيف الاخوا.
(البند الاول متع العلان العالمي متع حقوق الانسان)


In-nès il-kull muludìn ħurrìn w mitsèwìn fi’l-karàme w’il-ħuqùq. Tagħŧàw għqal w żamìr w lèzim ygħàmlu bgħażhum kìf l-axwa.
(il-bend l-uwwil mtagħ l-igħlèn il-għàlemi mtagħ ħuqùq l-insèn)

Hear a recording of this text by Zein AlAbdeen Shbeeb


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos

Details and corrections by Ramzi Hachani, Michael Peter Füstumum and Yassine Slama.


Information about Tunisian Arabic

Tunisian Arabic phrases

A proposal for a standard written Maghrebi Arabic

- Learn Arabic online with ArabicPod101

- TalkInArabic.com - learn colloquial Arabic of Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, the Levant, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, or Tunisia
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- Arabic Genie - a quick and easy way to learn the Arabic alphabet

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Arabic courses and other resources available on Amazon

Varieties of Arabic

Algerian, Bedawi, Chadian, Cypriot, Egyptian, Gulf, Hassaniya, Hejazi, Lebanese, Libyan, Modern Standard, Moroccan, Najdi, Syrian, Tunisian

Semitic languages

Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Bedawi), Arabic (Chadian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Gulf), Arabic (Hassaniya), Arabic (Hejazi), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Najdi), Arabic (Syrian), Aramaic, Argobba, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Canaanite, Chaha, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Ge'ez, Hadhramautic, Harari, Hebrew, Himyaritic, Jewish Neo-Aramaic, Maltese, Mandaic, Nabataean, Neo-Mandaic, Phoenician, Punic, Qatabanic, Sabaean, Sabaic, Silt'e, Syriac, Tigre, Tigrinya, Turoyo, Ugaritic, Western Neo-Aramaic

Information about Arabic | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Articles | Links | Learning materials | Books about the Arabic script | Arabic electronic dictionaries and translators

Page last modified: 15.03.23


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