Chippewa is an Algonquian language spoken by some 7,000 people in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota and Montana in the USA. It is part of the Ojibwe dialect continuum known as Anishinaabemowin, and also known as Southwestern Ojibwa, Ojibwe, Ojibway, or Ojibwemowin. Like other dialects of Anishinaabemowin, it is most closely related to Potawatomi.
The majority of native speakers of Chippewa, who number about 720, are elderly. However there are increasing numbers of people who speak it as a second language, around 6,370, thanks to efforts the Chippewa communities have made since the 1970s.
Information compiled by Wolfram Siegel, with corrections and additions by Charles J. Lippert