Franco-Provençal is a Gallo-Romance language spoken by about 140,000 people in parts of northwest Italy, east central France and western Switzerland. The speakers are mainly found in the Aosta Valley, in parts of the province of Turin, and in two towns in Foggia in Italy. They are also found in parts of the Romandie region of Switzerland, and in the Rhône-Alpes and Franche-Comté regions of France.
The name Franco-Provençal was given to the language in the 19th century by G.I. Ascoli as the language has similarities to French and Provençal, but is separate from them. Speakers of the language increasingly call it Arpitan, a neologism popularised in the 1980s by the Mouvement Harpitanya, and which comes from a word meaning "alpine / mountain highlands". The language is known as Romand in Switzerland, and native speakers also call is patouès (patois) or nosta moda ("our way [of speaking]").
There are orthographies for Franco-Provençal in practical use in France: La Graphie de Con-flans, and and in Italy Graphie du Bureau Régional pour l’Ethnologie et la Linguistique, B.R.E.L.
This is the orthography used in Italy.
This is the Henriet Orthography, which was proposed by Joseph Henriet as a way to write all varieties of Franco-Provençal, but is not in official use.
Download a chart of the Franco-Provençal alphabet (PDF, in German)
Information about Franco-Provençal pronunciation complied by Wolfram Siegel
Tôs los étres homans nêssont libros et ègals en dignitât et en drêts. Ils ant rêson et conscience et dêvont fâre los uns envèrs los ôtros dedens un èsprit de fraternitât.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Franco-Provençal
Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Dalmatian, Emilian-Romagnol, Extremaduran, Fala, Franco-Provençal, French, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Gascon, Genoese, Guernésiais, Istro-Romanian, Istriot, Italian, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Ligurian, Lombard, Lorrain, Megleno-Romanian, Mirandese, Moldovan, Monégasque, Mozarabic, Neapolitan, Occitan, Occitan (Auvergnat), Occitan (Languedocien), Occitan (Limousin), Occitan (Provençal), Picard, Piedmontese, Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Spanish, Valencian, Venetian, Walloon
Page last modified: 07.09.21
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