Seri (cmiique iitom)

Seri is a language isolate spoken by about a thousand people in two villages on the coast of Sonora in northern Mexico. The native name for the language, cmiique iitom, means "(that) with which a Seri person speaks". The language has also been called kunkaak, a version of the native name for the Seri people, comcaac. The origins of the name Seri are uncertain but are thought to come from another language in the region.

Seri is thought to be the last surviving member of its language family and nothing is know of the other members. Efforts to find links between Seri and other languages, such as the Hokan, Pomoan and Chontal languages, have produced no clear evidence of connections.

The Seri alphabet was developed in the 1950s by Edward W. and Mary B. Moser, American linguists working for the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL), and later revised by Stephen Marlett, a linguist who also works for SIL, and Seri speakers.

The first Seri wordlist was collected in the 1850s when the language was believed to be a dialect of Arabic, and since the 1950s some stories have been published, the New Testament has been translated, and a number of other publications in Seri have appeared.

Seri alphabet and pronunciation

Seri alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Seri (Excel)


Sample text

Heeesam quij toc cömiij. Coote hapah quij toc cömiij. Coteexoj hapah quij toc cömiij. Heem hapah quij toc cömiij. Xaasj himcap toc cömiip. Mojepe quih toc cömiip. Taax toc cömotat ma, heeesam quih toc cömiih. Tiix mos tcmiiquet, toc cöquiihtim iha.
From: Heeesam quih xepe an hant cöiyaait hac, by Jesús Morales, tiix oaah iha

Hear a recording of this text


Seahorse was there (as a person, on the earth). What is called teddybear cactus was there. What is called cholla was there. What is called pencil cholla was there. The sagueso cactus was there. The saguaro cactus was there. Those were coming there, the seahorse was there. He also was a person there.


Sample video in Seri


Information about Seri language

Language isolates

Adaizan, Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Candoshi-Shapra, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Hadza, Haida, Karuk, Kawésqar, Keres, Kuot, Kusunda, Kutenai, Natchez, Nihali, Nivkh, Páez, Purepecha, Sandawe, Seri, Sumerian, Tartessian, Ticuna, Tiwi, Tonkawa, Tunica, Urarina, Waorani, Wardaman, Washo, Yaghan, Yuchi/Euchee, Zuni

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 28.02.22


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