Zuni or Zuñi is a language isolate spoken in the USA, mainly in Zuni Pueblo in western New Mexico, and in neighbouring eastern Arizona. Some words have been borrowed from nearby languages, including Hopi, Keresan and Pima, especially words related to religion. The native name for Zuni is Shiwi or Shiwi'ma (the Zuni way) and the Zuni call themselves A:shiwi.
In 2015 there were 9,620 speakers of Zuni, including children. It is the main language of communication in the Zuni Pueblo, and is used in homes, religious ceremonies and services, on the radio, and in tribal council meetings. The language and culture are taught in primary schools, and there is a literacy program to help Zuni speakers can read and write their langauge.
Ways of writing Zuni with the Latin alphabet have been devised by a number of linguists and anthropologists, including Stanley Newman and Dennis Tedlock. The current orthography was devised mainly by Curtis Cook, who recorded and transcribe hundreds of Zuni oral histories, folk tales and religious teachings, and produced textbooks for learning the language and other publications.
A colon is used to mark long vowels, e.g. A:shiwi (Zunis).
Information about the Zuni language
Zuni translations of parts of the Bible
Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Candoshi-Shapra, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Haida, Karuk, Keres, Kuot, Kutenai, Natchez, Nihali, Nivkh, Páez, Purepecha, Seri, Sumerian, Ticuna, Tiwi, Tunica, Urarina, Wardaman, Washo, Yuchi/Euchee, Zuni
Page last modified: 23.04.21
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