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Malagasy (Fiteny Malagasy)

Malagasy is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language spoken by about 17 million in Madagascar, where it is the national and official language, Comoros, Réunion and Mayotte. It is related to the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, and more closely to the South-east Barito group of languages spoken in Borneo, particularly to Maanyan.

Malagasy contains words borrowed from Bantu languages, and Arabic, and also from French, the former colonial language which still enjoys official status, and English, thanks mainly to the 18th century pirates who made the island their base.

From the 15th century to 1823, Malagasy was written with the Arabic Ajami script or Sorabe. Since then, it has been written with the Latin alphabet.

Malagasy alphabet and pronunciation

Malagasy alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

  • a and o are often silent in unstressed syllables, and a is also reduced to [ə]. For example, Malagasy = [malgaʃ], hence the French version of Malagasy is written Malgache.
  • y = [i] at the ends of words
  • The word stress falls on the last but one syllable, except in words ending in -ka, -na or -tra, when the syllable before the last but one is stressed.

Sample text in Malagasy

Teraka afaka sy mitovy zo sy fahamendrehana ny olombelona rehetra. Samy manan-tsaina sy fieritreretana ka tokony hifampitondra ampirahalahiana.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Malagasy | Malagasy phrases Malagasy numbers | Tower of Babel in Malagasy

Links

Information about the Malagasy Language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malagasy_language
http://www.panafril10n.org/wikidoc/pmwiki.php/PanAfrLoc/Malagasy
http://dico.malgache.free.fr

Cours de Malgache (Online Malagasy lessons - in French)
http://www.gasikara.net/Langue.htm

Malagasy phrases
http://mylanguages.org/malagasy_phrases.php
http://www.wildmadagascar.org/people/malagasy-english.html
http://ilanguages.org/malagasy_phrases.php
http://wikitravel.org/en/Malagasy_phrasebook

Online Malagasy dictionaries
http://www.madanight.com/dictionnaire_anglais_francais_malgache.htm
http://dico.malgache.free.fr/alphabetMF.php3
http://dico.malgache.free.fr/alphabet.php3

Dictionnaire Encyclopédique de Madagascar
http://malagasyworld.org

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Acehnese, Ajië, Aklan, Anutan, Balinese, Batak, Bikol, Bugis, Buhid, Bushi, Cebuano, Cham, Chamorro, Chuukese, Cia-Cia, Cuyonon, Dawan, Drehu, Fijian, Filipino, Futunan, Hanuno'o, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Iban, Iloko, Indonesian, Javanese, Kadazandusun, Kapampangan, Kiribati, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Maori, Maranao, Marshallese, Minangkabau, Moriori, Nauruan, Ndrumbea, Nias, Paamese, Paicî, Palauan, Pangasinan, Pohnpeian, Raga, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rejang, Rotuman, Sakao, Samoan, Central Sinama, Sundanese, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tahitian, Tausūg, Tetum, Tokelauan, Tongan, Toraja-Sa'dan, Tuvaluan, Waray-Waray, Xârâcùù, Yapese,

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


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