Malay (Bahasa Melayu / بهاس ملايو)

Malay is an Austronesian language spoken in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei and Thailand. The total number of speakers of Standard Malay is about 18 million. There are also about 170 million people who speak Indonesian, which is a form of Malay.

The earliest known inscriptions in Malay were found in southern Sumatra and on the island of Bangka and date from 683-6 AD. They were written in an Indian script during the time of the kingdom of Srivijaya.

When Islam arrived in southeast Asia during the 14th century, the Arabic script was adapted to write the Malay language. In the 17th century, under influence from the Dutch and British, the Arabic script was replaced by the Latin alphabet.

Arabic alphabet for Malay (Jawi / جاوي)

Malay (Jawi) abjad

Numerals

Arabic Numerals

Latin alphabet for Malay (Tulisan Rumi)
A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i
e bi si di i ef ji hec ai
J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r
je ke el em en ou pi kiu ar
S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z  
es ti yu vi dabel
yu
eks wai zed  

A recording of the Malay alphabet by Ng Kiat Quan

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malay_alphabet

Malay pronunciation

Malaysian pronunciation

Notes

Information about Malay alphabets and pronunciation provided by

Sample text in Malay (Latin alphabet)

Semua manusia dilahirkan bebas dan samarata dari segi kemuliaan dan hak-hak. Mereka mempunyai pemikiran dan perasaan hati dan hendaklah bertindak di antara satu sama lain dengan semangat persaudaraan.

A recording of this text

Sample text in Malay (Jawi alphabet)

Sample text in Malay (Jawi alphabet)

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Malay | Malay phrases | Malay numbers | Tower of Babel in Malay | Malay learning materials

Links

Information about the Malay language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malay_language
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/malaysia.html

Online Malay lessons
http://malay.pgoh13.com/
http://www.bahasa-malaysia-simple-fun.com/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMtJYGHsg4E

Malay phrases
http://mcs-bristol.tripod.com/learnmalay.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUo5QhbQ67c
http://linguanaut.com/english_malay.htm
http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g293951-s604/Malaysia:Important.Phrases.html
http://www.expatypus.com/wiki/malay-language-bahasa-malaysia
http://www.digitaldialects.com/Malay/Phrases.htm
http://www.voyage99.com/useful-phrases.html

Online Malay dictionaries
http://kamus.lamanmini.com
http://pgoh13.com/dictionary.php
http://www.lexilogos.com/english/malay_dictionary.htm
http://www.stars21.com/dictionary/English-Malay_dictionary.html
http://www-clips.imag.fr/geta/services/dicoweb/dicoweb.html
http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~qntal/dictionary/
http://www.dictionary.tamilcube.com/malay_dictionary.aspx

Free Jawi fonts and software
http://www.anu.edu.au/asianstudies/ahcen/proudfoot/mmp/cara.html

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Acehnese, Ajië, Aklan, Anutan, Balinese, Batak, Bikol, Bugis, Buhid, Bushi, Cebuano, Cham, Chamorro, Chuukese, Cia-Cia, Cuyonon, Dawan, Drehu, Fijian, Filipino, Futunan, Hanuno'o, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Iban, Iloko, Indonesian, Javanese, Kadazandusun, Kagayanen, Kapampangan, Kiribati, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Maori, Maranao, Marshallese, Minangkabau, Moriori, Nauruan, Ndrumbea, Nias, Paamese, Paicî, Palauan, Pangasinan, Pohnpeian, Raga, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rejang, Rotuman, Sakao, Samoan, Central Sinama, Sundanese, Tagabawà, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tahitian, Tausūg, Tetum, Tokelauan, Tongan, Toraja-Sa'dan, Tuvaluan, Waray-Waray, Xârâcùù, Yapese,

Other languages written with the: Arabic script | Latin alphabet


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