West Frisian (Frysk)

West Frisian is spoken in the Dutch province of Fryslan/Friesland, and also in a number of border villages in the neighboring province of Groningen. The language can be used in dealings with public bodies, and is taught or used as a medium of instruction in most schools. There are regular radio and television broadcasts in Frisian, and occasional Frisian articles in the newspapers.


A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I/Y i/y
aa bee see dee ee ef gee haa ii
J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r
jee kaa el em en oo pee kuu er
S s T t U u V v W w X x Z z    
es tee uu fee wee iks set    

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisian_alphabet

Pronunciation of West Frisian

Pronunciation of West Frisian vowels, diphthongs and triphthongs


  • a is pronounced [ɔ] before d, t, l, n, s
  • er is pronounced [ɛ:] in bern, gers and ferzen
  • eau is pronounced [øə] in past participles and [jo:] in preterites and other words
  • ei is pronounced [i] in Moandei and other compounds with -dei
  • eur is pronounced [øə]
  • the word ôf is pronounced [ɔu] or [ɔ:]
  • oa becomes [a] in moatte and Moandei, and [ã:] in Woansdei
  • oe is pronounced [u] before ch, g, k
  • y is pronounced [ɛi] in my, dy, hy, wy, by, but [i] in dy as demonstrative pronoun
  • any vowel or diphtong before n + s, z, f, v, w, j, l, r, is nasalised
  • any nasalised vowel is lengthened before ns, nz
  • d is silent before l. often pronounced [r] in intervocalic position
  • h is silent before [j], [w] and in thús
  • j is often silent before [i]
  • in âl, l is silent before d, t
  • when assimilated, n becomes [m] before p, [ŋ] before k, or is dropped while nasalising the preceding vowel
  • r is silent before t, d, n, l, s, z
  • sj is pronounced [ç]
  • w is pronounced [v] at the beginning of a word, [f] in final, [w] elsewhere. It is silent before [w]. ww is pronounced [v]
  • zj is pronounced [ʝ]

Source: www.allezhop.de/frysk/

Sample texts in West Frisian

Alle minsken wurde frij en gelyk yn weardigens en rjochten berne. Hja hawwe ferstân en gewisse meikrigen en hearre har foar inoar oer yn in geast fan bruorskip te hâlden en te dragen.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

A recording of this text

Information about West Frisian | Useful phrases in West Frisian | Tower of Babel in West Frisian

Information about pronunciation and sample texts provided by François Paes, Pyt Kramer and Reinhard Hahn.


Information about West Frisian

Online course in West Frisian

Online West Frisian phrasebooks

West Frisian numbers

Farsk - Frysk Literêr Ynternet Tydskrift (Frisian literature)

Online West Frisian Radio

Geeske's Griemside (Frisian cartoons)

Tweets in Frisian

Frisian books are available from:

Germanic languages

Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, German, Gothic, Icelandic, Low German / Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, Norn, North Frisian, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Saterland Frisian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Swedish, Swiss German, West Frisian, Yiddish

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet