Sundanese is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by about 39 million people mainly in western Java in Indonesia. There are also speakers in Banten, Jakarta, parts of western Central Java and southern Lampung. It is the third most-spoken language in Indonesia. Sundanese is closely related to Madurese and Malay, and more distantly related to Javanese.
There are six main dialects of Sundanese: Western, Northern, Southern or Priangan, Mid-east, Northeast and Southeast. The Southern or Priangan dialect is the most widely-spoken and is taught in schools in West Java and Banten Province.
Sundanese is normally written with the Latin alphabet, however the Sundanese script (Aksara Sunda) is still used to some extent. The Sundanese script developed from the Old Sundanese script (Aksara Sunda Kuna), which was used between the 14th and 18th centuries, and was standardized during the 1990s. Sundanese has also been written with a version of the Arabic script known as Pegon, and with the Javanese alphabet.
f, kh, q, sy, v and z are only used in loanwords and foreign names.
Information about the Sundanese Latin alphabet providied Michael Peter Füstumum
Sakumna jalma gubrag ka alam dunya téh sipatna merdika jeung boga martabat katut hak-hak anu sarua. Maranéhna ibéré akal jeung haté nurani, campur-gaul jeung sasamana aya dina sumanget duduluran.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Sundanese
Page last modified: 21.02.23
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