Chamorro is Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by about 64,000 people mainly in Guam, and also in the Northern Mariana Islands (NMI) and the USA. In 2015 there were about 30,300 of Chamorro in Guam, where it is a statutory national language. There were about 14,200 Chamorro speakers in the Northern Mariana Islands in 2005, and in 2015 there were about 19,800 speakers of Chamorro in the USA.
Chamorro contains many words of Spanish origin and this has lead some to mistakenly believe that it is a Spanish-based Creole.
After control of Guam was taken over by the USA in 1898, English became the language used in education and work places, and Chamorro dictionaries were collected and burned in 1922. During the Japanese occupation of the island, Japanese became the official language. After World War II schools continued to teach in English, and students were punished for speaking Chamorro. As a result, English became the everyday language.
Over time, restrictions on teaching Chamorro language and culture in Guam schools were gradually lifted, especially since 2013, and there are now some schools that teach in Chamorro. There are also some TV shows in Chamorro, as well as online videos, apps and other material in the language.
In the Northern Mariana Islands, Chamorro is still widely spoken and used as an everyday language. The NMI dialect of Chamorro is considered archaic by people from Guam, while the Guam dialect of Chamorro is considered "broken Chamorro" by people from the NMI.
Chamorro first started to appear in writing in 1668 when a missionary by the name of Father San Vitores devised a spelling system for the language using the Latin alphabet. There are currently two main orthographies for Chamorro: one in Guam and one in the Northern Mariana Islands (NMI). One difference is that in Guam initial digraphs are both capitalized, e.g. CHamoru (Guam) vs Chamoru (NMI).
Corrections by Wolfram Siegel
Manmåfañågu todu i taotao siha manlibettao yan mamårehu gi diknidåt yan direcho siha, manmånå'i siha nu hinasso yan konsiensia ya debi di u fanafa'maolek.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Chamorro.com - website of the worldwide Chamorro community
Page last modified: 07.02.23
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