Toto (তোতো)

Toto is a member of the Kiranti branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. It is spoken mainly in Totopara, a village in the Alipurduar district of West Bengal in the northeast of India. There are also some speakers of Toto in Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal.

In 2014 there were about 1,400 speakers of Toto, which is classified as a critically endangered language. Most families speak Toto at home, but the children are taught in Bengali as school, and Bengali and Nepali are increasingly used by Toto people outside the home.

The Himalayan Languages Project is working to document Toto.

Toto is written with the Bengali alphabet. There is also a Toto alphabet, which was invented in 2015 by Dhaniram Toto. It is currently used to a limited extent in literature, education and computing.

Bengali alphabet for Toto

Bengali alphabet for Toto

Download an alphabet chart for Toto (Excel)

Details supplied by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample text

iyuM borko siMtenko gebeta ipu dambe ajaso cabe yuMmihe. abiko bassata apecua keitu diDu nimiheabiyaakokeitubihiMeMtapafourweretheythateggs accverykamusa enahe. ako siMeko oMbeta ipu daS'ua puyare yuMmihe ako puya so aja dambe chabe biya cucuMpa yuMcnamihe. hatraMto keitu tuipuMko noita daS'uapuiwaha ajako keitui upu camehe

Translation

Among the spreading branches of a banyan tree lived acrow and his wife, the crow-hen. In the nest were four little eggs which the parents guarded with great care. In a hollow of that tree-trunk lived a black snake whom the crows feared greatly. Every time the crow-hen laid her eggs the snake crawled up to the nest and ate them up

Source: https://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-documents/lsi/lsi_wb/5TOTO.pdf

Sample video in and about Toto

Links

Information about Toto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toto_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/txo
https://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/toto1302
https://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-documents/lsi/lsi_wb/5TOTO.pdf
http://languageinindia.com/june2014/chibiramtotophonology1.pdftoto
https://www.unicode.org/L2/L2019/19330-toto-script.pdf

Kiranti languages

Bantawa, Chamling, Dhimal, Khaling, Limbu, Sunwar, Toto, Yakkha

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bodo, Bhumij, Chittagonian, Garo, Hajong, Kharia, Khasi, Kokborok, Kurmali, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Sadri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto, Tanchangya

Page last modified: 23.04.21


Green Web Hosting - Kualo

Why not share this page:

 

If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

 

Learn a nuevo language while you browse with toucan

Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.