Kurmali (कुड़मालि / কুর্মালী / କୁଡ଼ମାଲି)

Kurmali is a Bihari language spoken in the northeast of India by about 37,000 people. It is spoken in the Darrang, Golaghat, Jorhat and Sonitpur districts of Assam state; in the east of Jharkhand state; Keonjhar, Mayourbhanj and Sundargargh districts of Odisha state, and in Bankura Malda, Midnapur, Nadia and Purulia districts of West Bengal state.

Kurmali is also known as Kudmali, Bedia, Dharua, Khotta, Kurmali Thar or Kurumali. It is closely related to Panchpargania, Magahi and Sadri, and also related to Odia, Bengali and Hindi.

Kurmali is written with the Devanagari alphabet in Jharkhand, with the Odia alphabet in Odisha, and with the Bengali alphabet in West Bengal. Another alphabet for Kurmali, known as Chisoi, was invented by Jayanta Kumar Mahata in 1986, and is used to a limited extent in West Bengal.

Devanagari alphabet for Kurmali

Devanagari alphabet for Kurmali

Odia alphabet for Kurmali

Odia alphabet for Kurmali

Bengali alphabet for Kurmali

Bengali alphabet for Kurmali

Download alphabet charts for Kurmali (Excel)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample text (Devanagari alphabet)

सभे मानसि साधिनमते समान मइर्जात आर हकदारि लेइके जनम लेतेक। ताहाराकार आँगास आर बुइध आहेक ताहे सभेकर एके आनेक उपर भायाचारि मनेक भाब लेइके आचार केरा उचित।

Sample text (Bengali alphabet)

সভে মানসি সাধিনমতে সমান মইর্জাত আর হকদারি লেইকে জনম লেতেক। তাহারাকার আঁগাস আর বুইধ আহেক তাহে সভেকর একে আনেক উপর ভায়াচারি মনেক ভাব লেইকে আচার কেরা উচিত।

Sample text (Odia alphabet)

ସଭେ ମାନସି ସାଧିନମତେ ସମାନ ମଇର୍ଜାତ ଆର ହକଦାରି ଲେଇକେ ଜନମ ଲେତେକ। ତାହାରାକାର ଆଁଗାସ ଆର ବୁଇଧ ଆହେକ ତାହେ ସଭେକର ଏକେ ଆନେକ ଉପର ଭାୟାଚାରି ମନେକ ଭାବ ଲେଇକେ ଆଚାର କେରା ଉଚିତ।

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about Kurmali
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurmali_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kyw
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/1384

Bihari languages

Angika, Bhojpuri, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi, Maithili, Sadri

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Khortha, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurmali, Kurukh, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nancowry. Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thangmi, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Odia alphabet

Bhumij, Chhattisgarhi, Desiya, Halbi, Kharia, Kurmali, Mundari, Odia, Santali, Sora

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bodo, Bhumij, Garo, Hajong, Kharia, Kokborok, Kurmali, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Sadri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto, Tanchangya

Date created: 10.05.21. Last modified: 17.05.21


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