Malto (পাহাড়িয়া / पहाड़िया / Paháṛiyá)

Malto is a northern Dravidian language spoken by about 254,500 people in the northeast of India. There are two varieties of Malto: Kumarbhag Malto and Sauria Paharia. They are not mutually intelligible, and are classfied as separate languages in some sources.

Sauria Paharia (सौरिया पहाड़िया) is spoken by about 235,000 people in Bhagalpur in Bihar state, in the Godda, Sahibganj and Pakaur districts of Jharkhand state, and in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal state. There are also about 7,000 speakers of Sauria Paharia in Rajshahi and Rangpur divisions of Bangladesh.

Sauria Paharia is also known as Malatri, Maler, Malti, Malto, Maltu, Rajmahali or Sawriya Malto. There are ways to write it with the Bengali, Devanagari and Latin alphabets, and is used in newspapers and on the radio in India.

Kumarbhag Paharia (कुमारभाग पहाड़िया) is spoken by about 12,500 people in Godda, Sundar Pahardi and Pakaur districts of Jharkhand state, Mayurbhanj in Odisha state, and in Bankura, Barddhaman, and Murshidabad districts of West Bengal state.

Kumarbhag Paharia is also known as Kumar, Mad, Mal, Maler, Malti, Malto, Maltu, Paharia or Pahariya. It is rarely written.

Bengali alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Bengali alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Devanagari alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Devanagari alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Latin alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Latin alphabet for Malto (Sauria Paharia)

Download alphabet charts for Malto (Excel)

Details provided by Wolfram Siegel and Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample text (Mark 1:1-4)

Nabirki ketabeno kurkpeth iṉy kóḍith Ṭunḍa én eṉgki chákriyan niṉg agdu teyin: áh niṉg ag agdu niṉg páwe ménjeh. Ḍaḍeno ort kúkruki saḍith, Gosaṉyikipáwesaryetra, athikigoṭḍánḍin sohjetra áṉy awḍp chow, Yohannah ḍaḍeno baptismechah, ante pápeki mápi lagki gumenáreki baptisma sabán mentr segyah. Ante Yihudiya.

Translation

  1. The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
  2. As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
  3. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of
  4. the Lord, make his paths straight.
  5. John did baptize in the wilderness, and a preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.

Videos in Malto

Link

Information about Malto
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malto_language
https://bharatstories.in/about-malto-language/
https://elar.soas.ac.uk/Collection/MPI64068
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kmj
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/mjt
http://www.proel.org/index.php?pagina=mundo/dravidica/malto

Dravidian languages

Badaga, Brahui, Dhundari, Gondi, Irula, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Malto, Mukha Dora, Ravula, Sankethi, Savara, Sunuwar, Suriyani Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Toda, Tulu, Yerukula

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Kharia, Konkani, Kurukh, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bhumij, Garo, Hajong, Kharia, Kokborok, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto

Languages written with the Latin alphabet


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