Mundari (মুণ্ডরি / मुण्डरि / ମୁଣ୍ଡରି / Muṇḍari)

Mundari is a Munda language spoken mainly in northeastern India, and also in northern Bangladesh and eastern Nepal, by about 1.17 million people. In India is has about 1.1 million speakers in Ranchi district of Jharkhand state, in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and in the states of Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tripura, and West Bengal.

Mundari is by about 2,500 people mainly in Naogaon district of the Rajshahi division in the northwest of Bangladesh, and also in the Rangpur and Sylhet divisions. In Nepal there are about 7,780 Mundari speakers in the Morang and Sundari districts of the Kosi zone in the east of the country.

Mundari is written with the Bengali alphabet in Bangladesh and in the India state of West Bengal. In the India states of Bihar and Jharkhand and in Nepal the Devanagari script is used. Christian speakers of Mundari in northeastern states of India write it with the Latin alphabet, and it is written with the Odia alphabet in the Indian state of Odisha. Another script, known as Mundari Bani, is used to some extent in Odisha.

Mundari is also known as Colh, Horo, Kolh, Mandari, Mondari or Munari. Dialects include Hasada, Naguri, Tamaria and Kera.

Mundari alphabets

Bengali alphabet for Mundari

Bengali alphabet for Mundari

Devanagari alphabet for Mundari

Devanagari alphabet for Mundari

Odia alphabet for Mundari

Odia alphabet for Mundari

Notes

Latin alphabet for Mundari

Latin alphabet for Mundari

Download alphabet charts for Mundari (Excel)

Sample text (Bengali alphabet)

সোবেন হোড়োকো কে মনরংগ ওড়োও অক্তিয়ার কো রেঅ͚ পইতি-বাবত রে জনম জোরোংগ্এতে অহ্ডানড ওড়োও বরাবরী নমা কনা। ইনকু কে সেংড়াঁ ওড়োও-জী পেডেঃ, জীউ রেঅ͚ এনেমকো নমা কনা ওড়োও ইনকু লোওঃতে হগেয়া-ওয়োয়া লেকা জগর বকড় লগাতিংগ্অ͚ ।

Sample text (Devanagari alphabet)

सोबेन होड़ोको के मनरंग ओडोओ अक्तियार को रेअः पइति-बाबत रे जनम जोरोंग्एते अह्डानड ओड़ोओ बराबरी नमा कना। इनकु के सेंड़ॉ ओड़ोओ-जी पेडेः, जीउ रेअः एनेमको नमा कना ओड़ोओ इनकु लोओःते हगेया-वोया लेका जगर बकर लगातिंग्अः।

Sample text (Odia alphabet)

ସୋବେନ ହୋଡ଼ୋକୋ କେ ମନରଂଗ ଓଡ଼ୋଃ ଅକ୍ତିୟାର କୋ ରେଅ͚ ତଇତି-ବାବତ ରେ ଜନମ ଜୋରୋଂଗ୍ଏତେ ଅହ୍ଡାନଡ ଓଡ଼ୋଃ ବରା ବରୀ ନମା କନା। ଇନକୁ କେ ସେଂଡ଼ାଁ ଓଡ଼ୋଃ-ଜୀ ପେଡେଃ, ଜୀଉ ରେଅ͚ ଏନେମକୋ ନମା କନା ଓଡ଼ୋଃ ଇନକୁ ଲୋଓଃତେ ହଗେଆ-ୱୋଆ ଲେକା ଜଗର ବକଡ଼ ଲଗାତିଂଗ୍ଅ͚।

IPA transcription

soben hoɽoko ke manaraŋɡa oɽoo akt̪iaːra ko reʔ pait̪i-baːbat̪a re d͡ʑanama d͡ʑoroŋɡʔet̪e ahɖaːnaɖa oɽoo baraːbariː namaː kanaː. inku ke seŋɽãː oɽoo-d͡ʑiː peɽeː, d͡ʑiːu reʔ enemako namaː kanaː oɽoo inku looːt̪e haɡeaː-woaː lekaː d͡ʑaɡara bakara laɡaːt̪ŋɡʔ.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details supplied by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com) and Wolfram Siegel

Sample videos in Mundari

Information about Mundari | Numbers

Links

Information about the Mundari language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mundari_language
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mundari
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/unr
https://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/mund1320
https://mundari.webonary.org/files/MundariDictionaryFeb17.pdf

Munda languages

Bhumij, Gadaba, Ho, Juang, Kharia, Korku, Mundari, Santali, Sora

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bodo, Bhumij, Chittagonian, Garo, Hajong, Kharia, Khasi, Kokborok, Kurmali, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Sadri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto, Tanchangya

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bilaspuri, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhantyal, Chhattisgarhi, Chambeali, Danwar, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Doteli, Gaddi, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Khortha, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurmali, Kurukh, Kusunda, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Mandeali, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nancowry. Newar, Nepali, Nimadi, Onge, Pahari, Pali, Pangwali, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thakali, Thangmi, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Odia alphabet

Bhumij, Chhattisgarhi, Desiya, Halbi, Juang, Kharia, Kurmali, Mundari, Odia, Santali, Sora

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 05.07.21


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