Mon is an Austroasiatic language spoken in parts of Myanmar/Burma and Thailand. In 2004 there were 850,000 speakers, mainly in Mon State, and also in the Tanintharyi Region and Kayin State in southern Myanmar.
The language was widely spoken in southern Burma until the middle of the 19th century, when the area was taken over by the British. After then large numbers of people migrated to the area from India and China, and Mon became marginalized.
Mon was first written during the 6th century AD in two different scripts: one derived from the Grantha script, and one derived from the Kadamba or Grantha script. The current Mon script was adapted from the Burmese script during the reign of Pagan king Kyansittha (1084-1113).
Download an Mon alphabet chart (Excel)
Details of the Mon script provided by Michael Peter Füstumum, with corrections by Mattias Persson
Information about the Mon language