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Odia   Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ)

Odia is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 33 million people mainly in the Indian state of Odisha, and also in West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Gujarat. Odia is closely related to Bengali and Assamese, and used to be known as Oriya, and Odisha used to be known as Orissa in English.

Written Odia

The Odia script developed from the Kalinga script, one of the many descendents of the Brahmi script of ancient India. The earliest known inscription in the Odia language, in the Kalinga script, dates from 1051.

The curved appearance of the Odia script is a result of the practice of writing on palm leaves, which have a tendency to tear if you use too many straight lines.

Notable features

Odia alphabet

Vowels and vowel diacritics with k

Odia vowels and vowel diacritics

Consonants

Odia consonants

Some conjunct consonants

Some Odia conjunct consonants

Numerals

Odia numerals

Sample text

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Odia

Sabu manuṣẏa janmaukāḷaru svadhīna, ṣemānaṅkara marsẏāḍā o adhaikāra samāna, semānaṅaṭhāre prabã o bibeka naiha ṭachai, semāne paraspara paba brādahaba paiṣaṣa karai ṭhārpẏa jakairā ḍarakāra.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

A recording of this text

Information about Odia | Odia phrases | Tower of Babel in Odia

Links

Information about the Odia language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odia_language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odia_alphabet
http://www.orissadiary.com/orissa_profile/orissalanguage.asp

Odia lessons
https://www.glovico.org/en/oriya

Odia phrases
http://wikitravel.org/en/Odia_phrasebook
http://www.mikecook.com/phrase/oriya.html

Odia dictionary
http://dictionary.tamilcube.com/oriya-dictionary.aspx
http://www.freelang.net/online/oriya.php

Odia fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Oriya.html

Type in Odia online
http://www.google.com/transliterate/oriya
http://www.bhashaindia.com/ilit/Oriya.aspx

Odia news
http://www.thesamaja.com

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Romany, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Urdu

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas