Mongolian Horizontal Square Script    Mongolian Horizontal Square Script

The Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, (Хэвтээ Дөрвөлжин бичиг / Xäwtää Dörböljin in Mongolian) was invented in the late 17th century by Bogdo Zanabazar, a Mongolian monk and scholar, who also created the Soyombo script. The Mongolian Horizontal Square Script was based on the Tibetan script, was rediscovered in 1801 it is uncertain how it was used. Only a few documents in this script survive.

Notable features

  • Type of writing system: abugida or syllabic alphabet
  • Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
  • Used to write: Mongolian (монгол), an Altaic language spoken by approximately 5 million people in Mongolia, China, Afghanistan and Russia.

Mongolian Horizontal Square Script

Vowels

When the are used independently of vowels are indicated by adding a diacrit to the symbol for a. The diacritics are attached to consonants when the vowels follow consonants

Mongolian Horizontal Square Script - vowels

Consonants

Mongolian Horizontal Square Script - consonants

Sample text

Sample text in the Mongolian Horizontal Square Script

Source: ftp://ftp.dante.de/pub/tex/languages/mongolian/mxd/doc/mxd4tex.pdf

Links

Information about the Mongolian Horizontal Square Script
http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/n4041.pdf

Information about the Mongolian language and Mongolia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_language
http://www.mongoluls.net
http://www.sytra.cn/mongolian-translations-service.html
http://www.cjvlang.com/Writing/writmongol/mongolalpha.html
http://silverhorde.viahistoria.com/main.html

Online Mongolian lessons
http://mongoluls.net/mongolianlanguage/
https://www.glovico.org/en/mongolian

Online Mongolian dictionaries
http://www.bolor-toli.com
http://www.linguamongolia.co.uk/searchdict.html
http://asuult.net/dic/

Mongolian-English Dictionary - commercial dictionary software for Uighur-script Mongolian
http://www.linguamongolia.co.uk/soft1.html

Mongolian phrases
http://mongoluls.net/mongolianlanguage/
http://www.viahistoria.com/SilverHorde/phrases.html
http://wikitravel.org/en/Mongolian_phrasebook
http://www.byki.com/category/Mongolian/a/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofPsOPFUlv4

Online Mongolian news
http://www.mongolnews.mn

Online Mongolian radio
http://www.mnb.mn
http://www.mglradio.com

Mongolic languages

Buryat, Kalmyk, Mongolian

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Badaga, Balinese, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Chakma, Cham, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dives Akuru, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gondi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanuno'o, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kannada, Kharosthi, Khmer, Khojki, Kulitan, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Mro, New Tai Lue, Oriya, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari (Tulu), Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Varang Kshiti