Khmer alphabet   អក្សរខ្មែរ

The Khmer alphabet is descended from the Brahmi script of ancient India by way of the Pallava script, which was used in southern India and South East Asia during the 5th and 6th Centuries AD. The oldest dated inscription in Khmer, found at Angkor Borei in Takev Province south of Phnom Penh, dates from 611 AD.

The Khmer alphabet closely resembles the Thai and Lao alphabets, which developed from it.

Notable features

  • This is syllabic alphabet in which each consonant has two forms, one with an inherent /a/ (first series) and one with an inherent /o/ (second series)
  • Vowels are indicated using either separate letters or diacritics, which written above, below, in front of, after or around consonants. The pronunciation of the vowels depends on whether a consonant they are attached to is of the first or second series.
  • All consonants have a subscript form which is used to write the second consonant of a cluster.
  • In a Khmer text there are no spaces between words, instead spaces indicate the end of a clause or sentence.
  • Inspite of efforts to standardise written Khmer, many words have more than one accepted spelling.

Used to write:

Khmer/Cambodian (ភាសាខ្មែរ), a member of the Mon-Khmer group of Austroasiatic languages, spoken by about 8 million people in Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, China, France and the USA. Khmer shares many features and much vocabulary with Thai as a result of centuries of two-way borrowing. There are also borrowings from Sanskrit, Pali, French and Chinese in Khmer.

Khmer alphabet

Consonants

Khmer consonants

Subscript consonants

Khmer subscript consonants

Inpedendent vowels

Inpedendent Khmer vowels

Khmer vowel diacritics

Numerals

Khmer numerals

Sample text

Khmer Sample

Transliteration

mnoussa teangoasa kaetamk mean seripheap ning pheap smae knea knong setthi ning sechakdeithlaithnaur. mnoussa krobroub sotthote mean vichearonanhnhean ning satesambochonhnh haey trauv br pru td champoh knea towvinhtowmk knong smartei reaban knea chea bangobaaun.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in Khmer

See more videos like this on Wikitongues

Information about Khmer | Useful phrases in Khmer | Tower of Babel in Khmer | Khmer learning materials

Links

Information about the Khmer language
http://www.khmerlanguage.com
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/khmer/
http://www.wsslanguage.com

Online Khmer lessons
http://www.bongthom.com/AKOnline/selectchapterek.asp
http://www.pratyeka.org/csw/

Learn Khmer with Glossika Mass Sentences

Khmer phrases
http://www.bongthom.com/AKOnline/phrasespageek.asp?Chapter=6
http://www.studiomartin.us/learn-khmer-cambodian.cfm
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~hongly/trans-1xl.html
http://www.holiday-in-angkor-wat.com/cambodian-language.html
http://pheakdey2u.wordpress.com/2007/08/09/some-useful-khmer-words-phrases-for-foreigners/
http://www.ximplex.com/dictionary/english/common_phrases.aspx

Online Khmer dictionaries
http://www.angkor-planet.com/dico/dicoUKKH.html
http://www.khmerculture.com/ek/
http://www.bongthom.com/AKOnline/selectchapterek.asp
http://www.english-khmer.com

Online Khmer news and radio
http://www.rfa.org/khmer/

Free Khmer fonts
http://www.cambodia.org/fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Khmer.html
http://www.magma.ca/~sary/fonts.htm
http://scripts.sil.org/Mondulkiri
http://selapa.net/khmerfonts/

Information about Khmer Unicode
http://www.khmeros.info/khmeros_workingsoft.html

Khmer character picker
http://people.w3.org/rishida/scripts/pickers/khmer/

Mon-Khmer languages

Khmer, Vietnamese

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Badaga, Balinese, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Chakma, Cham, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dives Akuru, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gondi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanuno'o, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kannada, Kharosthi, Khmer, Khojki, Kulitan, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Mro, New Tai Lue, Oriya, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari (Tulu), Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Varang Kshiti