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Makonde (Chi(ni)makonde)

Makonde is Bantu language spoken by the Makonde people in southeast Tanzania and northern Mozambique along the river Ruvuma. According to Ethnologue there are 900,000 Makonde speakers in Tanzania, and 360,000 in Mozambique. In Tanzania the Makonde live mainly in the Province of Cabo Delgado, and particularly in the Mtwara, Newala and Masasi districts of the Mtwara Region. There are also some Makonde speakers in Kenya.

Makonde is also known as Chimakonde, Chinimakonde or Matambwe in Tanzania, and as Shimakonde or Matambwe in Mozambique. Dialects include Maviha, Maraba and Matambwe in Tanzania, and Vadonde, Vamwalu, Vamwambe, Vamakonde and Mavihaand in Mozambique. The name Makonde means 'dry areas', and the areas where the Makonde people live are mainly dry. Makonde is closely related to Yao.

Makonde alphabet and pronunciation

Makonde alphabet and pronunciation

Note: the apostrophe in the sample text below possibly indicates a glottal stop, however I have found no sources that confirm this yet.

Sample text in Makonde

Vanu vohevohe vaidile n'chilambo valendene. Vanijaliwa ulimala vene. Pavele vanu pave na ulongo.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about the Makonde language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makonde_language
http://www.ethnologue.com/18/language/kde
http://pctanzania.org/repository/Cross-sector/Makonde%20Grammar.pdf
http://www.nalrc.indiana.edu/brochures/2014-brochures/Makonde.pdf

Bantu languages

Bemba, Bulu, Chichewa, Chokwe, Comorian, Digo, Duala, Ewondo, Fang, Ganda/Luganda, Gwere, Herero, Ikizu, Jita, Kikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Kisi, Kongo, Konjo, Lingala, Loma, Lozi, Makonde, Mandekan, Maore, Mende, Mushungulu, Mwani, Nkore, Northern Ndebele (South Africa), Northern Ndebele (Zimbabwe), Northern Sotho, Nyole, OshiWambo, Ronga, Sena, Shona, Soga, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swahili, Swati, Tofa, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Umbundu, Venda, Xhosa, Yao, Zigula, Zinza, Zulu

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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