Celtic cognates - Metals

This page contains words for metals that are cognate in some or all of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Metals

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
airgead airgead argid arian arghans arc'hant silver
copar copar cobbyr
copuir
copr kober kouevr copper
dúr dùr douyr dur dur dir steel
hard
dour
iarann iarann yiarn haearn horn houarn iron
méin mèinn meain mwyn
mŵn
moon men* mineral
ore
metal
mine
miotal miotal
meiteal
metal metel
metal
metol metal metal
mettle
ór òr airh aur owr aour gold
stán staoin
stàin
stainney ystaen
staen
sten staen tin
pewter

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bíchearb bichearb mercury
quicksilver
cóbalt còbalt cobalt cobalt kobalt cobalt
cruach cruaidh creoighey steel
luaidhe luaidhe leoaie lead
mearcair mercwri merkur mercury
nicil niceal nickyl nicel nikel nickel
plwm plomm
plobm
plom lead
prás pràis prash pres brest brass
stàilinn staillin steel
umha umha ooha efydd copper
bronze
brass

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Celtic cognates

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Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

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