Celtic cognates

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in the Standard Written Form (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of Cornish. The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling.


Trees

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
crann crann croan pren pren prenn tree
wood
bush
branch
timber
craobh craobh crouw
bile bile billey
fiodh fiodh fuygh gwŷdd gwydh gwez wood
trees
timber
forest
coed koos koad
beith beith beih bedw besewen bezv birch
coll coll
calltainn
coull coll koll kelvez hazel
cuileann cuileann cullyn celyn(en) kelyn(nen) kelen(enn) holly
dair
doire
dair
darach
darragh
darrag
dâr
derw(en)
dar
derw(en)
derv oak
fearnóg feàrna farney gwern gwern gwern alder
fuinseog fuinnseag
uinnseann
unjin onn onn onn ash
iúr iubhar
iùbhar
euar efwr
ewr
evor evor yew
hogweed
alder
eo iodh yw ewin iwin
ivin
leamhán leamhan lhiouan llwyf elow evlec'h elm
linden
lime
saileach seileach shellagh helygen (sg)
helyg (pl)
helygen (sg)
helyk (pl)
halegenn (sg)
haleg (pl)
willow

Geirfa Natur (Nature Glossary) - words for animals, birds, fish and other creatures in the modern Celtic language (Excel format, provided by Gwyn Harrison)

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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