Celtic cognates - Trees

Words for trees and other plants that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Trees

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
crann crann croan pren pren prenn tree
mast
boom
wood
bar
fiodh fiodh fuygh gwŷdd gwydh gwez tree
wood
timber
abhaill abhall ooyl afall avalen avalwez apple
beith beith beih bedw besewen bezv birch
coll coll
calltainn
coull coll koll kelvez hazel
cuileann cuileann cullyn celyn(en) kelyn(nen) kelen(enn) holly
dair
doire
dair
darach
darragh
darrag
dâr
derw(en)
dar
derw(en)
derv oak
eidheann eidheann hibbin eiddew idhyow iliav ivy
feá feagha faih ffawydden fowenn faouenn beech
fearnóg feàrna farney gwern gwern gwern alder
féar feur faiyr gwair gora garzh hay
grass
geil geil gyndyr gwellt gwels geot
gwelt
grass
graze
fuinseog fuinnseag
uinnseann
unjin onn onn onn ash
iúr iubhar
iùbhar
euar efwr
ewr
evor evor yew
alder
eo iodh yw ewin iwin
ivin
yew
leamhán leamhan lhiouan llwyf elow evlec'h elm
linden
lime
lus lus lus llys les louzaouenn plant
herb
saileach seileach shellagh helygen (sg)
helyg (pl)
helygen (sg)
helyk (pl)
halegenn (sg)
haleg (pl)
willow

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bile bile billey tree
mast
bush
coed
coeden
koos koad forest
wood
tree
craobh craobh crouw branch
tree
bush
bealaidh banadl
banal
banadhel banal broom (shrub)
giolcach giolcach giucklagh broom (shrub)

Geirfa Natur (Nature Glossary) - words for animals, birds, fish and other creatures in the modern Celtic language (Excel format, provided by Gwyn Harrison)

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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