Celtic cognates - People

This page contains words for people that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Words for people, relatives and professions

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bard bàrd bard bardd bardh barzh bard
poet
bean bean ben benyw
menyw
ben
benyn
e-ben woman
wife
bráthair
deartháir
bráthair braar brawd broder breur brother
buachaill buachaill bochilley bugail bugel bugel boy
child
shepherd
buime muime mimmey mam mamm mamm mother
stepmother
nurse
dia dia jee duw duw doue god
deity
draoi draoidh druaight drwy
derwydd
druw
drewydh
drouiz druid
wizard
duine duine dooinney dyn den den person
human
man
fear fear fer gŵr gour gour man
husband
gabha gobha gaaue gof gov gov (black)smith
mac mac mac mab mab mab son
boy
máthair màthair moir modryb modrep moereb mother
aunt
nia nia neear nai noy niz nephew
pobal poball pobble pobl pobel pobl people
family
rìgh ree rhi ruy* ri* king
slua sluagh sleih llu lu lu people
horde
force
siúr*
deirfiúr
siùir*
puithar
shuyr chwaer hwor c'hoar sister
teaghlach teaghlach thielagh teulu teylu tiegezh family
household
tiarna tighearna çhiarn teyrn tern* tiern lord
ruler
king

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
abhac abhag afanc avank dwarf
beaver
terrier
amnair* ewythr ewnter eontr uncle
athair athair ayr -atr* father
brenin bretyn*
bryntyn*
brientin* king
cailleach cailleach caillagh old woman
hag
witch
cefnder kanderow kenderv cousin (male)
brother
cyfnither keniterow keniterv cousin (female)
dámh dàmh daw deuv deuñv son-in-law
retinue
faculty
dochtúir dotair doghtoor doctor
file filidh feelee seer
poet
fáigh fàidh fadeyr gwawd seer
prophet
poem
frac* gwrach gwragh gwrac'h old woman
hag
witch
iníon nighean inneen
'neen
daughter
girl
lia lèigh
lighiche
lhee doctor
healer
physician
mechdeyrn
mychdeyrn
machdeyrn
metern
myghtern
machtiern* king
meddyg medhek mezeg doctor
muintir muinntir mooinjer household
folk
family
neacht nigh nith nith
noyth
nizh niece
daughter
ó ogha oe wyr grandson
descendent
oide oide gegjey foster-father
teacher
tutor
smarach
(lad)
merch myrgh merc'h daughter
girl
saor saor seyr saer ser craftsman
carpenter
mason
tad tas tad father

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Metals | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Notes

[top]

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

[top]


Green Web Hosting - Kualo

Why not share this page:

 

italki - Win cash rewards for learning any language

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

 

Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.

[top]