Celtic cognates - People

This page contains words for people that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Words for people, relatives and professions

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bard bàrd bard bardd bardh barzh bard
poet
bean bean ben benyw
menyw
ben
benyn
e-ben woman
wife
buachaill buachaill bochilley bugail bugel bugel boy
child
shepherd
dia dia jee duw duw doue god
deity
duine duine dooinney dyn den den person
human
man
fear fear fer gŵr gour gour man
husband
mac mac mac mab mab mab son
boy
pobal poball pobble pobl pobel pobl people
family
slua sluagh sleih llu lu lu people
horde
force
teaghlach teaghlach thielagh teulu teylu tiegezh family
household
tiarna tighearna çhiarn teyrn tern* tiern lord
ruler
king

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
brenin bretyn*
bryntyn*
brientin* king
cailleach cailleach caillagh old woman
hag
witch
dochtúir dotair doghtoor doctor
file filidh feelee seer
poet
fáigh fàidh fadeyr gwawd seer
prophet
poem
frac* gwrach gwragh gwrac'h old woman
hag
witch
iníon nighean inneen
'neen
daughter
girl
lia lèigh
lighiche
lhee doctor
healer
physician
mechdeyrn
mychdeyrn
machdeyrn
metern
myghtern
machtiern* king
meddyg medhek mezeg doctor
muintir muinntir mooinjer household
folk
family
smarach
(lad)
merch myrgh merc'h daughter
girl
rìgh ree rhi ri* king
saor saor seyr saer ser craftsman
carpenter
mason

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Notes

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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