Celtic cognates - Pronouns

This page contains pronouns that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates



Personal Pronouns

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
mi mee (f)i me me I
thu oo ti ty te you (sg)
è eh (f)o/(f)e ev he
i ee hi hy hi she
muid, sinn sinn shin ni ni ni we
sibh sibh shiu chi hwi c'hwi you (pl)
siad iad ad nhw i int they

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Emphatic pronouns

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
mise mise mish (f)innau evy me
tusa thusa
tusa
uss tithau ty you (sg)
eisean
seisean
esan eshyn yntau ev him
ise
sise
ise ish hithau hy her
sinne
muidne
sinne shinyn ninnau nyni us
sibhse sibhse shiuish ch(w)ithau hwi you (pl)
iadsan
siadsan
iadsan adsyn nhwthau
hwythau
aga them

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Reflexive pronouns

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
mé fhéin mi fhìn
mi fhèin
mee-hene fy hun(an) ow honan ma-unan myself
tú fhéin thu fhèin oo-hene dy hun(an) dha honan yourself
é fhéin e fhèin eh-hene ei hun(an) y honan o hini himself
í fhéin i fhèin ee-hene ei hun(an) hy honan o heni herself
sinne
muidne
sinn fhèin shin-hene ein hun(ain) ni honan ni hon ourselves
sibh fhéin sibh fhèin shiu-hene chi hun(ain) agas honan hoc'h-unan yourselves
siad fhéin iad fhèin ad-hene eu hun(ain) aga honan int-i themselves

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Possessive pronouns

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
mo mo my fy ... i my/ma/ow ma my
do do dty dy ... di dha ta/tes your (sg)
a a e ei ... (f)o/(f)e y e his
a a e ei ... hi hy he her
ár àr nyn ein ... ni agan hon/hol/hor our
bhur ùr nyn eich ... chi agas ho/hoc'h your (pl)
a an
am
nyn eu ... nhw aga o their

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Celtic cognates

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Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Information about pronouns in Celtic languages
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Irish_pronouns
https://gaelicgrammar.org/~gaelic/mediawiki/index.php/Personal_Pronouns
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manx_grammar#Pronouns
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Welsh/Grammar/Pronouns
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Welsh_pronouns
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornish_grammar#Pronouns
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Breton_pronouns

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

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