Celtic cognates - Weather

This page contains weather-related words that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Weather

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
aer
aidhéar
adhar aer awyr ayr aer air
sky
aimsir aimsir emshir amser amser amzer weather
time
fead fead fed gwynt gwyns gwent whistle
wind
néal neul niaul
neeal
niwl niwl nivlenn cloud
mist
fog
neamh nèamh niau nef nev neñv sky
heaven
reo reòth rio rhew rew rev frost
ice
súil sùil sooill haul howl heol sun
eye
torann
toirneach
torrann
tàirneach
taarnagh taran taran taran thunder
noise

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
arg* eira ergh erc'h snow
awel awel avel wind
breeze
báisteach baisteach Bashtagh rain
Baptist
casair casair cesair keser kazarc'h hail
ceo ceò kay
kyeoh
fog
mist
cloichshneachta clach-shneachd claghyn sniaghtee hail
hailstones
cwmwl kommol koumoul fog
mist
cloud
dealán
gealán
dealan
dealanach
lightning
gleam
flash
díle dìle dilyw diluj deluge
flood
fliuchadh fliuchadh fliaghey rain
wetting
gaoth gaoth geay wind
glaw glaw glav rain
grian grian grian sun
huan huon sun
eye
lia lighe lliant liv liñvadenn flood
flow
torrent
lughes luc'hed lightning
oighear eigh yey yen* frost
ice
scamall sgòth cloud
sneachta sneachd sniaghtey nyf snow
spéir speur speyr sffêr sfer
sphère
sky
sphere
tywydd tewedha weather
wybr ebron oabl sky
air

Weather words in: Breton, Cornish, Irish and Welsh

Celtic cognates

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Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh

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