Celtic cognates

This page contains words for people that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Clothes

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
láthair làthair laaragh llawdr lodrik loer trousers
sock
area

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
ac(c)rann archen arc'henad shoe
footwear
brat brat brat brat
brethyn
brozh cloak
mantle
skirt
bríste briogais breeçhyn brits(h) bragez
bragoù
trousers
breeches
bróg bròg braag shoe
boot
cóta còta cooat côt
cot
kota coat
cris crys krys krez shirt
cuarán cuaran carrane cu(a)ran
cwaran
boot
sandal
esgid eskis shoe
boot
hata ad edd het hatt
het
hat
hosan hosan sock
stocking
lavrek lavreg trousers
breeches
leann llen len lenn cloak
mantle
curtain
léine lèine lheiney shirt
tunic
girdle
pais pous* peis* petticoat
undershirt
shirt
sciorta sgiort sgert skeud skirt
stoca stocainn sock
stocking
triús triubhas troosyn trywsus trousers
breeches

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Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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