Celtic cognates - Food and Drink

This page contains words for food and drink that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Food and Drink

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bia biadh bee bwyd boos boued food
bairín bairín berreen bara bara bara bread
loaf
cake
bleacht bliochd bluight blith
llefrith
leuerid bleiz
livrizh
milk
milkiness
lacht lac
lachd
laght llaeth leth laezh milk
sweet milk
cáis càise caashey caws keus keuz cheese
corim curim cuirrey cwrw korev korev beer
feast
banquet
cnó cnò cro cnau know kraoñ nut
dobhar dobhar dooar dŵr dowr dour water
sálie sàl sailley hâl hyli hal sea water
salt
ím ìm eem (y)menyn amanyn amanenn
amann
amonenn
butter
mil mil mill mêl mel mel honey
pluma plumais
plùmbais
plumbis plemysen ploumen prunenn plum
airne àirne airn eirinen eyrinen irinenn plum
damson
sloe
leann
lionn
leann
lionn
lhune
lhionney
llyn lin liñvenn ale
beer
liquid
drink
sméar smeur smeyr mwyar mor mouar berry
blackberry
sùbh soo syfi sevi sivi strawberry
berry
sùgh soo
soolagh
sudd
sug
sugen soubenn
chug
juice
sap
soup
úll ubhal ooyl afal aval aval apple

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
aran aran arran bread
arbhar arbhar arroo grain
bainne bainne bainney banna banne milk
drop
brachán brochan broghan porridge
oatmeal
gruel
íth* uwd yôs yod porridge
oatmeal
leite lite porridge
egroesen amgroasenn agroazenn (rose) hip(s)
brier
mucag
fàileag
muc-fhàileag
(rose) hip
dog rose
drughaig (rose) hip
wild rose
tort tort torth torth torz loaf
cake
uisce uisge ushtey water

Celtic cognates

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Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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