Celtic cognates - Birds

This page contains words for birds that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Birds

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
(Latin)
coileach coileach kellagh ceiliog kulyek kilhog cockerel
rooster
colm
colmán
calman
colman
calmane
colmane
colomen
clomen
kolom koulm
koulom
pigeon
dove
corr corra coar crychydd kerghydh kerc'heiz heron
stork
crane
druid druid truitlag drudwy trojen tred
tridig
starling
eala eala olla(y) alarch alargh alarc'h swan
éan eun eean edn*
aderyn
edhen evn bird
eireog eireag earrag iar yar yar hen
chicken
faoileán
faoileog
faoileann
faoileag
foillan
foilleig
fooilleig
gwylan golan gouelan seagull
gèadh guiy gwydd goedh gwaz goose
gealbhan gealbhonn gialloon
giallun
giallyn
jallyn
golfan golvan golvan sparrow
iolar iolair urley eryr er erer eagle
seabhac seabhag shawk
shirragh
hebog
gwalch
hok gwalc'h falcon
hawk

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
aí, a(o)i ai hwyaden hos houad duck
swan
lacha lach laagh duck
tonóg tunnag thunnag duck
bran bran brân bran bran crow
raven
feannóg feannag fannag crow
rook
fiach fitheach feeagh gwyach raven
grebe
crake
boda
bwncath
bargos baou buzzard
clamhán clamhan clowan buzzard
stannaire
searrach-ruadh
stannair
shirragh
shyrragh-ruy
buzzard
cailleach oíche cailleach-oidhche caillagh oie owl
comhachag cuan kowann
cowan
kaouenn owl
tylluan toud owl
ulchabhán ullaid hullad oula owl
cearc cearc kiark hen
chicken
cnagaire
snag darach
cnag snoggeyder caseg kasek kazeg koad woodpecker
crëyr *querhair heron
ehedydd
hedydd
evidit*
ahwesydh
ehuedez*
alc'hweder
(sky)lark
fuiseog uiseag ushag (sky)lark
bird
fabhcún faolchon ffawcwn
ffawlcwn
falghun falc'hun falcon
hawk
fáinleog
áinleog
fainnleag
ainnleag
gwennol gwennol gwennel swallow
swallow
martin
gabhlán
gabhlán gaoithe
gòbhlan
gobhlan-gaoithe
gollan
gollan geayee
swallow
swift
swallow
martin
lon
lon dubh
lon
lòn-dubh
lhondoo
lhonnag
blackbird
thrush
ouzel
smólach smeòrach
smèarach
smaolach
mwyalch molgh
molgh dhu
moualc'h
moualc'h zu
blackbird
thrush
ouzel
truis druid treshlen tresglen dresk blackbird
thrush
ouzel
scréachóg
scréachóg choille
sgreuchag
sgreuchag-choille
screeaghag
screeaghag cheylley
sgrechog
(y)sgrech y coed
kegin kegin
kegin-derv
jay
snag breac
meaig
athaid pieanat pioden piasenn pig magpie
spideog brù-dhearg
nighidh
pigidh
roban-roid
spittag brongoch rudhek boc'hruz robin

Geirfa Natur (Nature Glossary) - words for animals, birds, fish and other creatures in the modern Celtic language (Excel format, provided by Gwyn Harrison)

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Notes

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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