Celtic cognates

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in the Standard Written Form (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of Cornish. The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling.


Verbs

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
bee bod bos bezañ to be
beo beò bio byw bewa bevañ to live
reside
dwell
stay
alive
living
cónaígh còmhnaidh cummal
mair mair
fuirigh fuirich fariagh godrig(af) guotric*
trigio triga
chom
déan dèan jean geni to do
to make
fairged* gwneud gul ober
téigh tèid ardwy* to go
dul dol goll
muinithir* mynd mos monet
tar
tig
thig tar
çheet
to come
dod
dyfod
dos donet
básaigh bàsaich geddyn basse to die
dead
marbh marbh marroo marw merwel mervel
labhair labhair loayrt llefaru leverel lavaret to speak
to say
to talk
abair abair abbyr
siarad
kewsel kaozeal
comio komz
can can caayn canu kana kanañ to sing
to speak
feic faic faik to see
to be
bhfuil bheil vel gweld gweles gwelet
cluin cluinn cluin to hear
clywed klewes klevet
blais blais blasstyn blasu blasa blasa to taste
to smell
bolaigh boladh
codail caidil caddil to sleep
cysgu koska kousket
léigh leugh lhaih llên
darllen
lenna lenn to read
literature
scríobh sgrìobh screeu ysgrifennu skrifa skrivañ to write
ith ith ee ysu esat* to eat
consume
bwyta
dybri debriñ
ibh ibh iu yfed eva evañ to drink
ól òl oyl
siúil siubhail shooill to walk
cerdded kerdhes kerzhet
rith ruith roie rhedeg resek redek to run
léim leum lheim llamu lamma lammat to jump
seas seas shass sefyll sevel sevel to stand
suigh suidh soie eistedd esedha
sedha
sichañ to sit
nigh nigh niee to wash
folc(tha) golchi golhi gwalc'hiñ
triomaigh tiormaich chyrmaghey to dry
sychu segha sec'hañ
lorg lorg lorgey to search
track
trace
chwilio hwilas c'houilia
casglu klask to collect
search
research
try
loisc
loscadh
loisg
losgadh
losht
lostey
llosgi leski leskiñ
loskañ
to burn
tacht tachd toghtey tagu
ystagu
taga tagañ to choke
mol mol moyl moli meuliñ to praise
beir beir behr beru berañ to carry
flow
gair gàir guee gair ger ger to call
shout
invoke
word
galw gelwel galven
galviñ
guigh guidh guee gweiddïo to pray
pesi
peji
pysi
pediñ

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links and sources

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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