Celtic cognates

This page contains words for people that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Landscape

Words for features of the landscape that are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
abar abar, obar aber aber aber aber estuary
river mouth
abhainn abhainn awin afon avon aven river
alt alt alt allt als aod hillock
precipice
hill(side)
cliff
coast
bealach bealach bollagh bwlch bolgh boulc'h way
pass
breach
road
beann beann beinn ban ban bann horn
mountain
top
peak
broinne broinn brein bryn bronn
brodn
bronn hill(ock)
breast
bulge
carraig carraig carrick carreg karrek karreg rock
stone
cloch clach clagh clog clog kleger stone
cliff
leac leac leac llech legh lec'h stone
slate
cnoc cnoc cronk cnwc krug krec’h hill
mount
mound
breast
cruach cruach creagh crug krug cruc hillock
heap
mound
pile
lann* lann lann llan lann lan church
parish
land
enclosure
lár làr laare llawr leur leur floor
ground
linn linne lhingey llyn lynn
lydn
lenn lake
pool
loch loch logh llwch logh loc'h lake
pond
inlet
magh magh maes mes maez field
plain
moned*
monad*
monadh muyne mynydd menydh menez mountain
moorland
hillside
muir muir mooir môr mor mor sea
sruth sruth stroo ffrwd frot* froud stream
river
current
valley
tír tìr çheer tir tir tir land
country

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
achadh achadh field
garden
enclosure
hedge
plain
áth àth aah ford
rhyd rys red ford
brí bre* bre bre bre hill
mount
hillock
height
caí* cae ke kae field
hedge
cluain cluain clun meadow
pasture
moor
cosán casan cassan path
eas eas eas waterfall
riathar rhaeadr waterfall
torrent
dowrlam lamm-dour waterfall
gaoth geodha giau inlet
estuary
cove
inbhear inbhir inver river mouth
estuary
confluence
gort gort garth orth garth field
garden
enclosure
hedge
plain
machaire machair magher magwyr moger plain
field
wall
maighean maen men maen stone
place
nant nans ant stream
raon rheam run field
garden
enclosure
hedge
plain
ser* sêr ster ster river
star
slí slighe sleayd path
track
offspring
sliabh sliabh slieau mountain
moorland
hillside
sliocht sliochd sluight llwybr path
track
section
offspring
uaimh uaimh oghe
ooig
(g)ogof gogoow
gug
cave

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Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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