Celtic cognates

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in the Standard Written Form (Furv Skrifys Savonek) of Cornish. The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling.


Animals and other creatures

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
ainmhí ainmhidh   anifail eneval aneval animal
beast
beithíoch beathach baagh
míol mial meeyl mil mil mil animal
louse
insect
asal asal assyl asyn asen azen donkey
ass
art* art* arth arth arzh bear
ursa ors ourz
mathúin mathan maghouin
broc broc brock broch brogh broc'h badger
mochyn daear
cat cat kayt cath kath kazh cat
cat fireann cat fireann
moth-chat
cullach-cait
kayt firryn cwrcath
gwrcath
cwrcyn
kath kazh tomcat
male cat
baircne cath fenyw kazhez queen
female cat
piscín piseag pishin
pishanagh
cath fach kathik kazhig kitten
coinín coinean
coineanach
conneeyn
conning
cwningen konin koulin
konifl
konikl
rabbit
rabaid
dobahrchú
dobhrán
dobhar-chù
dòbhran
dooarchoo dwrgi
dyfrgi
ci dŵr
dowrgi dourgi otter
beaver
madra uisce madadh-uisge moddey ushtey
faol*
faolchú
faol
faol-chù
filliu wolf
sea monster
bleidmhíol* bleidh-mhial blaidd bleydh bleiz
fia fiadh feeaih deer
stag
carria cair-fhiadh
carbh-fheadh
çharroo carw karow karv
séd* hydd heizes stag
hart
heifer
hind
agh agh eilon
eilion
ewig euhic* hind
doe
deer
iwrch yorgh yourc'h roebuck
roe-deer
danas demm (fallow) deer
gabhar gobhar goayr gafr gaver gavr goat
boc
poc (gabhair)
pocán
boc
boc-gobhair
bock
bock goayr
bwch
bwch gafr
bogh bo(u)c'h billy goat
buck
minseach minnseag
minnseach
minjagh nanny goat
meann meann mannan mynnyn
myn gafr
mynn menn
menn-gavr
kid
(young goat)
gráinneog gràineag graynoge hedgehog
draenog draeneg
sort
iora feòrag fiorag gwiwer gwiwer gwiñver squirrel
luch
luchóg
luch lugh llyg
llygoden
logosen loc*
logodenn
mouse
shrew
muc muc muc moch(yn) mogh moc'h pig
collach cullach
collach
collagh muc ceilliog kalloc'h boar
hog
stallion
uncastrated
torc torc twrch torgh tourc'h wild boar
hog
soc hwch hogh ho(u)c'h sow
pig
swine
arc(án) orc(an) ark piglet
sow
banbh banbh bannoo banw banow banv
porchell porghel porc'helleg
nathair nathair aarnieu
ardnieu
neidr nader naer snake
serpent
adder
viper
gwiber
colwiber
wiber
naerwiber
sarff serpont
sarf
sarpant
seangán seangan sniengan ant
moirb* morgrugyn
mor
mŷr
myrr
moryon merion
sionnach sionnach
seannach
shynnagh fox
madra rua madadh-ruadh
balgair
loarn* llewyrn lowarn louarn
llwynog
cadno
eallach eallaidh ollagh cattle
cow
booa buwch bugh buoc'h
tarbh tarbh tarroo tarw tarow tarv bull
lao laogh lheiy llo leugh leue calf
gamhain gamhainn gauin
bearach biorach bustach (?) bullock
heifer
young cow
eidion ojyon ejon
ainnir ainnir anner annor annoar heifer
girl
maiden
capall capall cabbyl ceffyl kefel horse
stallion
charger
foal
marc* marc* mark(sleih) march margh marc'h
each each agh ebol ebel ebeul
láir làir laair mare
caseg kasek kazeg
searrach searrach sharragh foal
caora caora keyrrey caer* sheep
ewes
dafad davas dañvad
reithe reithe rea ram
tup
wether
hwrdd hordh (h)ourz
molt mult mohlt mollt mols maout
uan uan eayn oen oen oan lamb
coo ci ki ki dog
hound
fox
madra
madadh
madadh moddey madyn
madog
gadhar gadhar
coiléan cuilean quallian colwyn kolyn kolen puppy
cana cana cenau cub
whelp
puppy
kitten

Geirfa Natur (Nature Glossary) - words for animals, birds, fish and other creatures in the modern Celtic language (Excel format, provided by Gwyn Harrison)

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Conjunctions | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Trees | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Notes

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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