Celtic cognates

This page contains words for people that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Other words

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
aingeal aingeal aile angel eledh ael fire
angel
ainm ainm ennym enw hanow anv name
anáil anail ennal anadl anal anal breath
anam anam annym enaid enev ene soul
spirit
aois aois eash oes
oed
oos
ooj
oad age
beatha beatha beaghey bywyd bewnans buhez life
beo beò bio byw bew bev alive
living
bith* bith beays byd bys bed world
being
existence
bord bòrd boayrd bwrdd
bwrd
bord
bordh
bourzh table
board
brí brìgh bree bri bri bri strength
essence
power
honour
dignity
bua buaidh booie budd budh buz victory
profit
Cáisg Càisg Caisht Pasg Pask Pask Easter
cath cath cah cad kas kad battle
ciorcal cearcall kiarkyl cylch kelgh
kylgh
klec'h circle
ring
cistin cistin kishteen cegin kegin kegin kitchen
clog clag clag cloch clogh kloc'h bell
clock
clú cliù goo clyw klew klev hearing
fame
féan feun fainagh gwain goen
gweyn
gouin wagon
cart
chariot
sheath
gair
gáir
goir
gàir
gerr gair
gawr
ger ger call
shout
word
geil geil gyndyr gwellt gwels geot
gwelt
grass
graze
flaith flath flah gwlad gwlas
gulas
glad sovereignty
country
nation
icht aiteam eggys iaith yeth yezh language
people
leabhar leabhar lioar llyfr lyver levr book
marbh marbh merriu
marroo
marw
marwolaeth
mernans marv dead
death
deceased
Nollaig Nollaig Nollick Nadolig Nadelik Nedeleg Christmas
olann olann ollan gwlân gwlan glaon wool
póg pòg paag pocyn poccuil* pok kiss
rann rann rheynn rhan radn rann division
part
rath rath raah
rah
rhad ras rad grace
luck
rúsc rùsg roost rhisgl rusken rusk bark
beehive
seo seo shoh hwn
hon
hyn
ma mañ this
sin sin shen hwnnw
honno
hynny
homma
honna
se that
siabhainn* siabhann sheeabin sebon sebon soavon soap
spiorad spiorad spyrryd ysbryd sperys
spyrys
spered soul
life
spirit
sráid sràid straid stryd stret straed street
alley
highway
tábla tàbla taabyl tabl tabel taol table
board
táille taille tailley tâl
talaith
tal tailh fare
fee
tally
teach taigh thie chi ti house
teanga teanga çhengey tafod taves
tavas
teod language
tongue
tribe
people
tine teine çhenney tân tan tan fire
lightning

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
anseo an-seo ayns shoh yma omma amañ here
ansin an-sin ayns shen yna ena aze there
ansiúd (thall ansin) an-siud ayns shid draw
acw
yn tre ahont yonder
asgell askel askell wing
feather
fin
bás bàs basse death
caint cainnt caaynt speech
to speak
talk
casúr casar casoor hammer
cró crò crau krow blood
gore
cusan kussyn kiss
damhna damhna defnydd devnydh danvez matter
material
substance
éag eug angau ankow ankow dead
death
deceased
eite
eiteog
ite
iteag
fedjag adain wing
feather
fin
fáilte fàilte failt welcome
fios fios fys gwŷs knowledge
information
morthwyl morthol morzhol hammer
óir oir oyr for
because
reason
saol saoghal seihll world
existence
lifetime

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Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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