Celtic cognates - Parts of the Body

This page contains words for parts of the body that are cognate in all or most of the six modern Celtic languages.

Click on the English versions that are links and you will be taken to the Celtiadur, where you can see what each word means, and how some of them are pronounced. There are also details of related words and expressions, and words in older versions of the Celtic languages, such as Middle Welsh and Old Irish. More Celtic Cognates


Parts of the body

These words are cognate in all six Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
béal beul beeal gwefus gweus gweuz lip
mouth
bolg bolg bolg bol(a) bolgh bolc'h belly
stomach
bos bas bass bos bas boz palm
fist
ceann ceann kione pen penn penn head
cúl cùl cooyl cil kil kil posterior
nook
back
dorn dòrn doarn dwrn dorn dorn fist
hand
folt falt folt gwallt gols guolt* hair
glúin glùin glioon glin glyn glinn knee
gualainn gualainn geaylin
geayliney
ysgywdd skoodh skoaz shoulder
ionga ìne
ionga
yngin ewin ewin ivin (finger/toe)
nail
lámh làmh laue llaw leuv lau* hand
arm
súil sùil sooill haul howl heol eye
sun
srón sròn stroin ffroen frig froen nose
nostril
teanga teanga çhengey tafod taves teod tongue
language
uillinn uileann uillin elin elin ilin elbow
troigh troigh trie troed troos troad foot

These words are cognate in some of the Celtic languages.

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
asgwrn askorn askorn bone
cnámh cnàimh craue cnaw bone
skull
blew blew blev hair
bristles
gruaig gruag gruag hair
braich bregh brec'h arm
hand
ruighe roih forearm
arm
biss bys bys biz finger
méar meur mair finger
toe
bòc boch bogh boc'h cheek
bloat
leiceann lethcheann lieckan cheek
cefn keyn kein back
droim druim dreeym back
ridge
cluas cluas cleaysh clust ear
ysgyfarn* skovarn skouarn ear
handle
clun clun klun hip
buttocks
cos cas
cos
cass coes leg
foot
gwddf
gwddw
gwddwg
gouzoug
goûg
throat
neck
scornach sgòrnan scoarnagh throat
mouth
min min min lip
mouth
pout
muineál muineal mwannal mwnwgl
mwnwg
mynwgl
neck
inchinn eanchainn ymennydd ympynnyon empenn mind
brain
intinn inntinn inçhyn brain
llygad lagas lagad eye
trwyn tron nose

Celtic cognates

Adjectives | Animals | Birds | Clothes | Colours | Conjunctions | Directions | Food and Drink | Musical terms | Numbers | Time expressions | Parts of the body | People | Pronouns | Sea creatures | Trees and Plants | Landscape | Verbs | Weather | Other words

Celtiadur

A collection of Celtic cognates, with definitions, pronunciation, etymologies - includes the modern Celtic languages, older versions of these languages, such as Middle Welsh, Old Irish, and their extinct and reconstructed relatives and ancestors, including Gaulish, Celtiberian, Proto-Brythonic and Proto-Celtic.

Notes

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Information about Celtic languages

Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh


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