Karakalpak (Қарақалпақ тили / Qaraqalpaq tili / قاراقالپاق تىلى)
Karakalpak is a member of the Kypchak branch of Turkic languages. It is
spoken by about 412,000 people in the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic
in Uzbekistan, where the language has official status. There are some
Karakalpak speakers in Afghanistan, Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey as well.
Karakalpak is most closely related to Kazakh and
Nogai, and has absorbed a lot of vocabulary and some grammar from Uzbek
Until 1928, Karakalpak was written with the Arabic alphabet. Then from 1928
to 1940 it written the Latin alphabet, after which the Cyrillic alphabet
was used. Since 1994, the Cyrillic alphabet has gradually been replaced by
the Latin alphabet.