Adyghe is a North West Caucasian language spoken by about 300,000
people mainly in the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.
Adyghe, which is also known as West Circassian, is also spoken in
Turkey, Israel and Jordan.
Adyghe is closely related to Kabardian, and to a lesser extent to
Ubykh, Abkhaz and Abaza. According to the UNESCO Map of the World's
Languages in Danger (2009), Adyghe is vulnerable.
Since 1938 Adyghe has been written with a version of the Cyrillic
alphabet. Between 1927 and 1938 it was written with the Latin alphabet,
and before 1927 it was written with the Arabic alphabet. The literary
language is based on the Chemguy dialect.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)