Udi is a member of the Lezgian (southern) branch of the Northeast Caucasian
languages. It is spoken by about 8,000 people in parts of Azerbaijan, Russia,
Georgia and Armenia, with the majority of speakers in the Azerbaijani village
of Nij in the Qabala district. There are also quite a few Udi speakers in
villages in Tavush Province in northeastern Armenia.
Documentation of Udi started in the mid-19th century, and an Udi
Grammar, by Anton Antonovich Schiffner, was published in 1863. An Udi translation of
part of the Bible was published in 1902, and a small number of publications
in Udi have appeared since then.
Since 1992 Udi has been taught in primary schools in Nij. Initially the
Cyrillic alphabet was used, but towards the end of the 1990s a way of writing
Udi with the Latin alphabet was devised.
Cyrillic alphabet for Udi
This is the version of the Cyrillic used for Udi in VL Ghukasian's
Latin alphabet for Udi
The pronunciation of some of the letters is uncertain.