Kabardian is a North West Caucasian language with about 650,000
speakers mainly in the Kabardian-Balkar and Karachay-Circassian Republics
of Russia. It is also spoken in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the USA.
Kabardian is also known as East Circassian or Upper Circassian.
Kabardian first appeared in writing in 1923 in a version of the Latin
alphabet. Since 1936 it has been written with the Cyrillic alphabet.
Like other Caucasian languages, Kabardian has very few vowels and a
large number of consonants. Some of the consonants are written using
combinations of as many as four letters.
Sample text in Kabardian
ЦIыху псори щхьэхуиту, я щIыхьымрэ я хуэфащэхэмрэкIэ зэхуэдэу къалъхур. Акъылрэ зэхэщIыкI гъуазэрэ яIэщи, зыр зым зэкъуэш зэхащІэ яку дэлъу зэхущытын хуейхэщ.
Clyxu psori ščx’èxuitu, ja ščlyx’ymrè ja xuèfaščèхèmrèklè zèxuèdèu k”al”xur. Ak”ylrè zèхèščlykl g”uazèrè jaIèšči, zyr zym zèk”uèš zèхaščІè jaкu dèl”u zèxuščytyn xuejхèšč.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Tower of Babel in Kabardian
Further details of the Kabardian language
Northwest Caucasian languages
Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet