The Warang Citi alphabet was invented by community leader Lako Bodra as an alternative to the writing systems devised by Christian missionaries. He claims that the alphabet was invented in the 13th century by Dhawan Turi, and that it was rediscovered in a shamanistic vision and modernised by Bodra. The alphabet is also known as Varang Kshiti.
The alphabet is used in primary and adult education and in various publications. About 2% of people who speak Ho are literate in their language.
Ho (𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣜 / Ho jagar), a Munda language spoken mainly in the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, West Bengal and Assam, and also in Bangladesh. In 2001 there were just over a million speakers of Ho, which is closely related to Mundari and Santali, and is know as ho kaji, ho: basa, or ho haram. The word Ho (𑣙𑣉𑣉) means "human being".
Ho is written with the Warang Citi, Devanagari or Latin alphabets. It is used as a medium of instruction in schools in Odisha and Jharkhand. There are also some radio broadcasts in the language.
Information about the Ho language
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