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Komi (Коми кыв)

Komi is a member of the Permic branch of the Uralic language family with about 225,000 speakers. It is spoken mainly in the Komi Republic (Коми Республика) in the northeast of European Russia. There are also some Komi speakers in the nearby Perm Krai (Пермский край) and Kirov Oblast (Кировская область). Komi is closley related to Udmurt.

Komi dialects

Written Komi

Komi was written with the Old Permic or Abur alphabet from 1372 to the 17th century, when the Cyrillic alphabet was adapted to write the language. A new version of the Cyrillic alphabet, known as the Molodtsov alphabet (Молодцов анбур), was introduced for Komi in the 1920s. From 1931 Komi was written with a version of the Latin alphabet, after which the Cyrillic alphabet was used again.

In 1815, the first book Komi, a vaccination manual, was published.

Old Permic alphabet (Важ Перым гижӧм)

The Old Permic or Abur alphabet was created 1372 by the Russian missionary, Stephan Khrap (Степан Храп / Стефан Пермский) (1340-1396), who became St Stephen of Perm. It was modelled on the Greek and Cyrillic alphabets, but many of the letters resemble the Komi religious "Tamga signs". The alphabet was used until the 17th century.

Old Permic alphabet

Komi-Zyrian alphabet

Komi-Zyrian alphabet

Komi-Permyak alphabet

Komi-Permyak alphabet

Download alphabet charts for Komi and Old Permic (Excel)

Sample text in Komi-Permyak (Lord's Prayer)

Миян енӧжись Ай. Мед быдӧнныслӧ вежа лоас тэнат нимыт. Мед локтас тэнат ыждалӧмыт. Мед лоас тэнат кӧсйӧмыт му вылас енӧжын моз. Сет миянлӧ колана нянь талун кежӧ. Лэдз миянлiсь греккезнымӧс, кыдз мийӧ лэдзам миянлӧ лёкӧ керись йӧзлiсь греккесӧ. Эн лэдз миянӧс ылӧтны, мезды миянӧс лёксис.

http://www.language-museum.com/encyclopedia/k/komi-permyak.php

Sample texts in Komi-Zyrian

Медводзынсӧ вӧлі Бурмывкыд, и Бурмывкыдыс вӧлі Енлӧн, и Бурмывкыдыс вӧли Ен. Cійӧ медводзысяньыс вӧлі Енсянь. И ставыс Енсянь чужи и Сытӧг нинӧм эз ло, мый эм и олӧ. Сы pытшкын вӧлі олӧм, и олӧмыс вӧлі моргьяслы вылӧ югыдӧн. Кыдзи югыдыс pемыдас югдӧдӧ, и pемыдыс оз вермы туpкыны cійӧс. Сідзи pоктіс тайӧ нэмас Енсянь мӧдӧдӧм морт, сылӧм нимыс Иоан.

Translation

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
John, 1: 1-6

http://www.language-museum.com/encyclopedia/k/komi-zyrian.php

Быдӧс отирыс чужӧны вольнӧйезӧн да ӧткоддезӧн достоинствоын да правоэзын. Нылӧ сетӧм мывкыд да совесть овны ӧтамӧдныскӧт кыдз воннэзлӧ.

Transliteration

Bydös otirys čužöny vol’nöjеzön da ötkoddеzön dostoinstvoyn da пravoèzyn. Nylö sеtöm myvkyd da sovеst’ ovny ötamödnysköt kydz vonnèzlö.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Komi

Information about Komi | Numbers in Komi

Links

Information about the Komi language and alphabets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komi_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komi-Zyrian_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komi-Permyak_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komi-Yazva_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Permic_alphabet
http://www.peoples.org.ru/abur.html
http://www.rbardalzo.narod.ru/4/komi.html

Information about the Komi Republic
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komi_Republic
http://www.rkomi.ru/

Permic languages

Komi, Udmurt

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Alphabets

Other writing systems


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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