Koreanclass101.com

Learn Hebrew online

Talk In Arabic

Urdu (اُردُو)

Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Pakistan and India, and also in Nepal, Bangladesh and several other countries. It is also known as Modern Standard Urdu or Lashkari (لشکری), and is described as a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language [source].

In 2015 there were about 109 million speakers of Urdu in Pakistan, 15 million of whom speak it as a native language. There were about 58 million Urdu speakers in India in 2011, mainly in Jammu, Kashmir and Maharashtra states. There were about 738,000 speakers of Urdu in Nepal in 2011, and the language was spoken by about 250,000 in Bangladesh in 2003. There are also Urdu speakers in other countries, such as South Africa, Mauritius and Guyana.

Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is closely related to and mutually intelligible with Hindi, though a lot of Urdu vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic, while Hindi contains more vocabulary from Sanskrit. Linguists consider Standard Urdu and Standard Hindi to be different formal registers both derived from the Khari Boli dialect, which is also known as Hindustani. At an informal spoken level there are few significant differences between Urdu and Hindi and they could be considered varieties a single language.

Urdu has been written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script since the 12th century and is normally written in Nastaliq style. The word Urdu is Turkish for 'foreign' or 'horde'.

Urdu abjad

Urdu abjad

The letter nūn g̱unnah appears only at the ends of words and nasalises the preceding vowel.

A recording of the Urdu alphabet by محمد شکیب بیگ (Mohammad Shakeb Baig) from بھوپال، بھارت (Bhopal, India)

Note

This recording does not include nūn-e ğunnah or the aspirated consonants.

Urdu numerals

Urdu numerals

Numerals image provided by Muhammed Nabeel Tahir Sheikh

Download an alphabet chart for Urdu (Excel)

Sample text in Urdu

تمام انسان آزاد اور حقوق و عزت کے اعتبار سے برابر پیدا ہوۓ ہیں۔ انہیں ضمیر اور عقل ودیعت ہوئی ہے۔ اسلیۓ انہیں ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ بھائی چارے کا سلوک کرنا چاہیۓ۔

Transliteration

Tamām insān āzād ôr ḥuqūq-o ʿizzat ke ėʿtibār se barābar peidā hū'e heiṅ. Inheṅ żamīr ôr ʿaql vadīʿat hū'ī he. Isli'e inheṅ ek dūsre ke sāth bhā'ī čāre kā sulūk karnā čāhi'e.

A recording of this text by Mustansar Malik

A recording of this text by Ganesh Deshmukh

A recording of this text by محمد شکیب بیگ (Mohammad Shakeb Baig) from بھوپال، بھارت (Bhopal, India)

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in Urdu

Information about Urdu | Phrases | Numbers | Telling the time | Tower of Babel | Learning materials

Links

Information about Urdu
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urdu_language
http://www.theurdulanguage.com
http://www.bbc.co.uk/voices/multilingual/urdu.shtml

Information about the Urdu script
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urdu_alphabet
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U1crskxlzh0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z719EX52iSc
http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/guide/urdu/alphabet.shtml
https://sites.google.com/site/sarvabhashin/en/ur

Online Urdu lessons
http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/guide/urdu/
http://mylanguages.org/learn_urdu.php
http://www.urduword.com
http://www.forumpakistan.com/urdu-lessons-t7099.html
http://www.ukindia.com/zurdu1.htm
http://taj.chass.ncsu.edu/urdu/
https://urduseekhiye.com

Urdu transliterator
http://syedgakbar.co.cc/products/web/

Online Urdu Dictionaries
http://www.urduword.com
http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/platts/
http://www.urduseek.com

Free Urdu fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Urdu.html
http://urdu.ca
http://www.urdulife.com/font/download/

National Language Authority of Pakistan
http://www.nla.gov.pk

Online Urdu radio
http://www.radio.gov.pk/Urdu/
http://www.buraq.fm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/urdu/
http://www.voanews.com/urdu/
http://www.urduradio.org

Online Urdu news
http://www.bbc.co.uk/urdu/
http://www.urdusky.com
http://www.newsepapers.com/pakistani/
https://newslink.pk

UrduPoint - information in Urdu about a wide variety of topics
http://www.urdupoint.com

Urdu stories
http://urdustory.pk

Online Urdu literature
http://www.urdustan.com

Urdu Poetry
http://www.urdupoetry.com
http://www.hallagulla.com
http://www.urdupoet.net
http://rekhta.org

Urdu Music
http://www.allghazals.com

Ibtada - an Urdu portal (in Urdu)
http://www.ibtada.com

Learn Urdu online with UrduPod101

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu

Languages written with the Arabic script

Adamaua Fulfulde, Afrikaans, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Syrian), Arabic (Tunisian), Arwi, Äynu, Azeri, Balti, Baluchi, Beja, Bosnian, Brahui, Chagatai, Chechen, Comorian, Crimean Tatar, Dari, Domari, Gilaki, Hausa, Hazaragi, Kabyle, Karakalpak, Konkani, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Khowar, Khorasani Turkic, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgi, Luri, Malay, Marwari, Mandekan, Mazandarani, Morisco, Mozarabic, Palula, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Qashqai, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Salar, Saraiki, Serer, Shabaki, Shina, Shughni, Sindhi, Somali, Tatar, Tausūg, Torwali, Turkish, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Wakhi, Wolof


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.