Halbi (हलबी / ହଲବୀ)

Halbi is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in eastern India in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha. In 2011 there were about 966,000 speakers of Halbi, which is also known as Halabi, Halba, Halvas, Halvi or Holva.

Halbi is closely related to Odia and Marathi. Dialects of Halbi include Adkuri, Bastari, Bhunjia, Chandari, Gachikolo, Govari of Balaghat, Kawari, Kunbi, Mahari, Muri, Sundi. Bhunjia and Kawari.

There are ways to write Halbi with the Devanagari and Odia scripts, however it is used mainly as an oral language, particularly for trade, and few Habli speakers can read and write their language. In 2006 a new way to write Halbi, known as the Halbi Lipi, was created by Vikram Kumar Soni. It is used to a limited extent in Chhattisgarh.

Devanagari alphabet for Halbi

Devanagari alphabet for Halbi

Odia alphabet for Halbi

Odia alphabet for Halbi

Download alphabet charts for Halbi (Excel)

Sample text (Matthew 1:1-3)

Devanagari alphabet

Odia alphabet

Transliteration

  1. abrāham co pilā, dāūd co pilā, īsu masī co baṁsāvalī.
  2. abrāhām le isāk janam holo, isāk le yākub janam holo, yākub le yahudā āūr hunco bhaī janam holā,
  3. yahudā āūr tāmār le phiris āūr jorah janam holā, phiris le hisron janam holo, āūr hisron le erām janam holo,

Translation

  1. The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of a David, the son of Abraham.
  2. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;
  3. And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Source: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.ips.hlbbible.halbi

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample videos in and about Halbi

Links

Information about Halbi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halbi_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/hlb
https://phoible.org/inventories/view/1727#tipa
https://www.halbiland.com/en/halbi-language

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhili, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Braj, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Chittagonian, Desiya, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Fiji Hindi, Gujarati, Hajong, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Kannauji, Khandeshi, Konkani, Kotia, Kumaoni, Kutchi, Lambadi, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nimadi, Odia, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Rohingya, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Tanchangya, Urdu

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bilaspuri, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhantyal, Chhattisgarhi, Chambeali, Danwar, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Doteli, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Khortha, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurmali, Kurukh, Kusunda, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Mandeali, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nancowry. Newar, Nepali, Nimadi, Onge, Pahari, Pali, Pangwali, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thakali, Thangmi, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Odia alphabet

Bhumij, Chhattisgarhi, Desiya, Halbi, Juang, Kharia, Kurmali, Mundari, Odia, Santali, Sora

Page last modified: 01.06.21


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