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Marathi (मराठी)

Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 71 million people mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Marathi is also spoken in Israel and Mauritius. Marathi is thought to be a descendent of Maharashtri, one of the Prakrit languages which developed from Sanskrit.

Marathi first appeared in writing during the 11th century in the form of inscriptions on stones and copper plates. From the 13th century until the mid 20th century, it was written with the Modi alphabet. Since 1950 it has been written with the Devanāgarī alphabet.

Devanāgarī alphabet for Marathi

Vowels

Marathi vowels and vowel diacritics

Consonants

Marathi consonants

Numbers

Marathi numerals and numbers

Download alphabet charts for Marathi (Excel)

Learn how to write and pronounce these letters and numerals

Sample text in Marathi

सर्व मनुष्यजात जन्मतःच स्वतंत्र आहे व सर्वजणांना समान प्रतिष्ठा व समान अधिकार आहेत. त्यांना विचारशक्ती व सदसद्विवेकबुद्धी लाभलेली आहे व त्यांनी एकमेकांशी बंधुत्वाच्या भावनेने आचरण करावे.

Transliteration
Sarva manuṣyajāt janmataḥc svataṅtra āhe va sarvajaṇāṅnā pdkulkarni samān pratiṣṭhā va samān adhikār āhēt. Tyānnā vicāraśakti va sadasadvivekabuddhi lābhalelī āhe va tyāṅnī ekamekaṅśī baṅdhutvācyā bhāvanēnē ācaraṇ karāvē.

A recording of this text by Ganesh Deshmukh

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in Marathi

Thanks to Arvind Iyengar for providing the above sample text and to Mrunal for corrections to this page.

Information about Marathi | Phrases | Numbers | Colours | Tower of Babel

Links

Information about the Marathi language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marathi_language

Marathi and Maharashtra related resources
http://www.maayboli.com
http://www.marathimati.com

Online Marathi lessons
http://mindurmarathi.com
http://www.marathimitra.com
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in
http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in
http://polymath.org/marathi.php

Marathi phonology (includes recordings)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marathi_phonology

Marathi phrases
http://www.engoi.com/en/mr/index.html
http://iguide.travel/Marathi_phrasebook/Phrase_List/Basics
http://mumbai.explocity.com/Mumbai/visitor_guide/marathi-phrases/
http://hinduism.about.com/library/weekly/extra/languages/bl-lang_eng1.htm

Online Marathi dictionaries
http://www.dictionary.tamilcube.com/marathi-dictionary.aspx
http://www.cfilt.iitb.ac.in/wordnet/webmwn/wn.php
http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/molesworth/
http://www.shabdkosh.com/mr/

Online Marathi news
http://www.lokmat.com
http://www.saamana.com
http://www.loksatta.com
http://eparshwabhoomi.com

Online Marathi radio
http://eprasaran.com
http://www.marathiradio.com
http://marathiradio.org

Devanagari script tutor
http://www.avashy.com/hindiscripttutor.htm

Free Devanagari fonts
http://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Devanagari.html
http://www.devanagarifonts.net
http://www.sanskritweb.net/cakram/

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Awadhi, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Garhwali, Hindi, Jarawa, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nepal Bhasa / Newari, Nepali, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Saraiki, Shina, Sindhi, Sunuwar, Sylheti


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