Kashmiri (कॉशुर / كٲشُر)

Kashmiri is a member of the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan language family. In 2011 there were 6.7 million speakers of Kashmiri in India, and there were about 143,000 in Pakistan in 2016. In India it is spoken in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, and in Himachal Pradesh, especially in the Kashmir valley. In Pakistan it is spoken in Azad Kashmir province.

Kashmiri is also known as Cashmeeree, Cashmiri, Kacmiri, Kaschemiri, Keshur or Koshur.

Kashmiri first appeared in writing during the 8th century AD in the Sharda alphabet, which is still used in religious ceremonies by Kashmiri Pandits. After the arrival of Islam in Kashmir during the 15th century, the Arabic script was adapted to write Kashmiri. Today Kashmiri Muslims write their language with the Arabic script, and Kashmiri Hindus used the Devanagari alphabet.

Kashmiri is one of the official languages of India, and is taught in schools in the Kashmir valley. It is also used in literature, newspapers, on the radio, and in other media.

Arabic script for Kashmiri

Arabic script for Kashmiri


Kashmiri numerals

Devanagari alphabet for Kashmiri

Devanagari alphabet for Kashmiri

Sources: http://koshur.org/pdf/Let Us Learn Kashmiri.pdf and http://www.geocities.ws/michaelpeterfustumum/kashmiri_latin_alphabet.htm

Download an alphabet chart for Kashmiri (Excel)

Sample texts in Kashmiri

Sample text in Kashmiri

Source: http://www.kashmirilanguage.com/PDF's/Manikaman_1.pdf

سٔری لُکھ چهہٕ حقوٗق تِہ عزت لِحاظٕ ہِہیٖ ژامِت. تِمن چه‍ہِ ضمير تِہ عَقل دِنِ آمٕژ. تٔوے پَزٕ تُمن بھٲئی برادری سانٛ روزُن.


Saerey loukh tche huquq te ezzat lihaaz hehey zamit. Teman tche zameer te aqel dene aamech. Tawai paze teman bhae baraderi saan rozun.

Hear a recording of this text by Waqar Shah


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Additions and amendments provided by Waqar Shah

Sample videos in Kashmiri

Information about Kashmiri | Phrases | Numbers


Information about Kashmiri

Kashmiri lessons

Online Kashmiri dictionary

Koshurakhbar - the online Kashmiri newspaper

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu

Other languages written with the Arabic and Devanagari scripts

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