Terengganu Malay (Base Tranung / بهاس ترڠݢانو)

Terengganu Malay is a Malayan language spoken by about 1.2 million people mainly in the state of Terengganu (Tranung) in eastern Peninsular Malaysia. There are also speakers of Terengganu Malay in the Malaysian states of Johor and Pahang

Although Terengganu Malay is generally considered a variety of Malay, it differs sufficiently from other Malay varieties in terms of vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation to be mutually unintelligible with them.

Terengganu Malay is known as Terengganu or Terengganuan in English, Bahasa Terengganu or Bahasa Melayu Terengganu in Malay, and Base Tranung, Bahse Tranung, Bahse Tghanung, Loghat Terengganu or Cakak Tranung in Terengganu Malay. There are two main dialects: Inland Terengganu Malay and Coastal Terengganu Malay.

Terengganu Malay is used in songs, poems and in films, TV shows and on radio stations. There are ways to write it with the Latin alphabet and with the Jawi (Arabic) alphabet, however there is no standard orthography.

Latin alphabet for Terengganu Malay

Latin alphabet for Terengganu Malay

Notes

Download an alphabet chart for Terengganu Malay (Excel)

Sample texts

Budok-budok lening koho dok kena makanang tradisi, sohbeng kate kuey, nasik pong ttuko bimbo lagi, nok wak guane makanang lening modeng blake, oghang mude tak mboh belajo duk ngarak ke oghang tue sokmo.

Translation

Kids today don't know about traditional foods, it's not just traditional cakes, even the rice as well, what can we do all foods these days are modern, younger generations don't want to learn always rely on old people.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terengganu_Malay#Sample_Text

Sghume ma'nusie lahé-lahé je bebah, sameghate daghi segi kemulie'ang nge hok-hok ye. Maséng-maséng ade pikéghang nge pghasa'ang, kene tulóng antaghe satu same laéng nge smangak pesedaghe'ang.

Sample text provided by Amir Syafiq

Another version of this text
Segheme manusie lahér-lahér je bébah, sameghate daghi segi kemulieang nge hok-hok ye. Maséng-maséng ade ppikéghang nge peghasaang, kene tulong antaghe satu same laéng nge semangak pesedagheang.

Hear a recording of this text

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Videos in and about Terengganu Malay

Links

Information about Terengganu Malay
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terengganu_Malay
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/zlm

Terengganu Malayo-Polynesian languages

Amarasi, Anuki, Araki, Balinese, Banjarese, Batak, Bima, Bugis, Bushi, Chamorro, Dawan, Dhao, Duri, Ende-Li'o, Fijian, Galoli, Gayo, Hawu, Hoava, Iban, Indonesian, Javanese, Kambera, Kerinci, Lampung, Ledo Kaili, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Malay (Terengganu), Mandar, Manggarainese, Mbula, Mentawai, Minangkabau, Mualang, Musi, Ndrumbea, Ngaju, Nias, Paicî, Palauan, Sasak, Sumbawa, Sundanese, Tetum, Tii, Toqabaqita, Toraja-Sa'dan, Wandamen, Western Rote, Xârâcùù, Yakan

Languages written with the Arabic script

Adamaua Fulfulde, Afrikaans, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Chadian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Hassaniya), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Libyan), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Syrian), Arabic (Tunisian), Arwi, Äynu, Azeri, Balanta-Ganja, Balti, Baluchi, Beja, Belarusian, Bosnian, Brahui, Chagatai, Chechen, Comorian, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dari, Dogri, Domari, Gilaki, Hausa, Hazaragi, Indus Kohistani, Kabyle, Kalkoti, Karakalpak, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Khowar, Khorasani Turkic, Konkani, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgi, Luri, Malay, Mandinka, Marwari, Mazandarani, Morisco, Mozarabic, Nubi, Ormuri, Palula, Parkari Koli, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Qashqai, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Salar, Saraiki, Sawi, Serer, Shabaki, Shina, Shughni, Sindhi, Somali, Tatar, Tausūg, Tawallammat Tamajaq, Tayart Tamajeq, Torwali, Turkish, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Wakhi, Wanetsi, Wolof, Xiao'erjing

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 21.11.21


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