Magahi (मगही)

Magahi is a Bihari language spoken in northern and eastern India by about 12.6 million people. It is spoken mainly in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odissa and West Bengal. It is not recognised as a separate language and has been classified as Hindi since 1961

Magahi developed from the Magadhi Prakrit, which was spoken in the ancient kingdom of Magadha in east India. The name Magahi comes from Magadha, and the language is also known as Magadhi (𑂧𑂏𑂡𑂲).

Magahi used to be written mainly with the Kaithi script, but is now usually written with the Devanagari script. It has also been written with the Bengali and Odia scripts.

Devanagari script for Magahi

Devanagari script for Magahi

Download an alphabet chart of Magahi (Excel)

Information provided by अक्षय बरहपुरिया कुमार पवनचौदह (Akshay Brahpuria 'Kumar' Pawanchaudah)

Sample text

सब लोग आजादे जन्म लेब हझ्र् तथा सब के बराबरे सम्मान और अधिकार हइ। हुनय्वो के पास समझ-बूझ और अंत:करण के आवाज होब हझ्र्। और हुनका दोसरो के साथ भाझ्र्चारा के व्यवहार करे पड़ हझ्र्।.

Transliteration

Saba loga ājāde janma leba hajhar tathā ke barābare sammāre aura adhikāra hajha. Hunayvo ke pāsa samajha-būjha aura aṅtaḥkaraṇa ke āvāja koba hajhar. Aura hunakā desare ke sātha bhājharcā ke vyavahāra kare paḍḍha hajhar.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Some details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample videos in Magahi

Information about Magahi | Phrases

Links

Information about Magahi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magahi_language
http://www.ethnologue.com/18/language/mag
https://www.sites.google.com/site/bihargatha/the-history-of-the-dialects-folk-and-proverbs/the-historical-magahi-dialect
https://archive.org/details/rosettaproject_mag_detail-1

Bihari languages

Angika, Bhojpuri, Danwar, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi, Maithili, Sadri

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Athpare, Avestan, Awadhi, Bahing, Balti, Bantawa, Belhare, Bhili, Bhumij, Bilaspuri, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhantyal, Chhattisgarhi, Chambeali, Danwar, Dhatki, Dhimal, Dhundari, Digaro Mishmi, Dogri, Doteli, Gaddi, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Jirel, Jumli, Kagate, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Khortha, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurmali, Kurukh, Kusunda, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Lhowa, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Mandeali, Marathi, Marwari, Mewari, Mundari, Nancowry. Newar, Nepali, Nimadi, Nishi, Onge, Pahari, Pali, Pangwali, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thakali, Thangmi, Wambule, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo

Page last modified: 26.03.24

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