Sirmauri is a member of the Western Pahari group of Indo-Aryan language family. It is spoken in the Sirmaur and Shimla districts in the south of Himachal Pradesh State in the north of India. In 2005 there were about 400,000 speakers of Sirmauri, the majority of whom are elderly.
Sirmauri is also known as Himachali, Pahari, Sirmouri or Sirmuri. There are two dialects of Sirmauri: Dharthi (धरथी) or Giriwari (गिरिवारी), which is spoken in the Giriwar area, and Giripari (गिरिपारी), which is spoken in the Giripari area, on the other side of the Giri River. There are significant variation betweent the dialects, and within each dialect.
Sirmauri has no official status and is classified by the Indian governement as a dialect of Hindi, even though there is little mutual intelligibility between Sirmauri and Hindi. It is used in newspapers, and on the radio and TV.
Sirmauri is written with the Devanagari alphabet, and also with a version of the Takri script known as Simauri Takri or Dhankari. In the past the Pabuuchi script was used by a class of astrologers to write Sirmauri.
Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)
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Page last modified: 28.06.21
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