Thangmi (थामी)

Thangmi is a member of the Newari branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. It is spoken 23,580 people in eastern Nepal, mainly in the Dolakha District of Bagmati Province, and also in the neighbouring Sindhupalchok district. In addition, there are about 500 speakers of Thangmi in northern India, mainly in Darjeeling in West Bengal, and in the East district of Sikkim, and another 300 in Tibet in western China.

Thangmi is also known as Thāmī, Thangmi Kham, Thangmi Wakhe or Thani. There are two main dialects: Eastern Thangmi (Dolakha) and Western Thangmi (Sindhupalchok). They are not mutually intelligible, and the Eastern dialect has the most speakers.

Thangmi is spoken mainly by adults. Children tend to speak Nepali, although they may understand Thangmi and are taught in primary schools. It is used to a limited extent in literature and the media, and is written with the Devanagari alphabet.

Devanagari alphabet for Thangmi

Devanagari alphabet for Thangmi

Download an alphabet chart for Thangmi (Excel)

Sample text

साक्खा मि प्रतिष्ठा ङा हिक्काको आधारङा नि वित्तिकाई स्वतन्त्र ङा थादु। तोबाङ बुद्धि ङा विवेक नामा केल्योङ्दु थादु ङा दि बेगाले नामा हु हु को व्यवहार नोङ्को माईदु।

Transliteration

Sākkhā mi pratiṣthā ṅā hikkāko ādhārṅā ni wittikāī swatantra ṅā thādu. Tobāṅ buddhi ṅā wiwek nāmā kelyoṅdu thādu ṅā di begāle nāmā hu hu ko wyawhār noṅko māīdu.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample videos in Thangmi

Links

Information about Thangmi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thangmi_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/thf
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/4838
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/4838
A Grammar of the Thangmi Language: with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture
https://www.notesnepal.com/archives/8166

Sino-Tibetan languages

Angami, Bai, Burmese (Myanmar), Miju, Tangut, Thangmi

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurukh, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thangmi, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo


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