Yolmo is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in the eastern and northern Himalayan regions of Nepal, particularly in the Helambu and Melamchi valleys in the north of Nuwakot District and in the northwest of Sindhupalchowk District. It is also spoken in the districts of Lamjung, Ilam and Ramecchap. In 2011 there were about 10,680 speakers.
Yolmo is also known as Helambu Sherpa, Hyolmo, Hyolmo Tam, Yholmo, Yohlmo or Yolmo. The people who speak call themselves Yolmopa. The name Hyolmo comes from hyol (surrounded by mountains) and mo (goddess).
Yolmo shares a lot of vocabulary with Sherpa and Tibetan, particularly Kyirong Tibetan, although the languages are not mutually intelligible. In the Ramecchap District a dialect of Yolmo, or a closely related language, is known as Syuba (स्युबा) or Kagate.
Yolmo is rarely written, however there are ways to write it with the Devanagari and Latin alphabets. Dictionaries have been published in both scripts. It is also sometimes written with the Tibetan alphabet.
An acute accent (á) indicates a high tone, and a grave accent (à) indicates a low tone
Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)
Information about Yolmo
Lamjung Yolmo - Nepali - English dictionary
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Page last modified: 23.04.21
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