Aleut is a member of the Eskimo-Aleut language family and is spoken by about 300 people in Alaska and Siberian Commander Islands. Most of speakers live on the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands of Alaska. There are two main groups of Aleut dialects: Eastern Aleut and Atkan.
During the 19th century, when Alaska was part of Russia, Aleut was written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet by a Russian Orthodox priest, Ioann Veniaminov (1797-1879), who was later made a saint - Saint Innocent of Alaska. Veniaminov started working with the Aleut in 1824, translated parts of the bible and other religious works into Aleut, and in 1846 he published a grammar of Eastern Aleut.
The Latin orthography for Aleut was developed during the second half of the 20th century by Knut Bergsland who worked with William Dirks Sr., Moses Dirks, and other Aleut speakers. Bergsland produced a comprehensive Aleut dictionary in 1994, and a detailed grammar in 1997.
б, в, е, ж, і, о, п, р, ф, ц, ш, щ, ы, э, ѳ and ѵ are only used in loanwords, and з is used in Atkan and in loanwords.
Corrections and additions by Michael Peter Füstumum
Al hamaax anĝaĝinax̂, haman qalgadax̂ taxsaqax̂ aguun. taxsaqax̂ ax̂taguun, qan'gim silan, wan tugidam hulax̂tanaa inal aguun, slax̂ hawaan, huzugaan maqat maqadaĝaan mal, anĝaĝinam qaatunanginiin chisilgaqalizaqax̂.
But towards winter, at the end of this month when the weather generally
changes, the food that had been stored was distributed to the hungry
people, to everyone.'
(Niiĝuĝis Maqax̂tazaqangis / Atkan Historical Traditions, p. 4-5)
Anĝaĝinam huzungis agaxtakuu ingisxigikux̂ ama liidax̂
nagan sahnganaxtada. Txin sakaaĝatal anagis mataxchx̂ida inaqamchix̂
agangudaganasaaĝiiĝutakus ludaangan huzuu ngaan quĝasaatakus.
Translated into Aleut by Halluuq Ungungai
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Niiĝuĝim Tunugan Ilakuchangis - Introduction to Atkan Aleut Grammar and Lexicon
Information about Saint Innocent of Alaska (Ioann Veniaminov)
Alaskan Orthodox texts (Aleut, Alutiiq, Tlingit, Yup'ik). An ongoing project
offering Alaskan Orthodox texts on-line in their original languages and alphabets
Alaskan Native Heritage Center
If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.
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